Structure of earnings statistics, Slovenia, 2020

The gender pay gap in Slovenia in 2020 3.6 percentage points lower than in the previous year

According to provisional data of the annual structure of earnings statistics, the gender pay gap in Slovenia in 2020 was 2.2%, which is 3.6 percentage points less than in 2019. It was much lower in the private sector (6.5%) than in the public sector (10.7%).

  • 16 September 2021 at 10:30
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  • Updated
  • 16 September 2021 at 10:39
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  • provisional data

The increase in the average monthly net earnings of women in 2020 more pronounced than the increase in the average monthly net earnings of men

According to provisional data of the annual structure of earnings statistics, the average monthly net earnings of persons in paid employment in Slovenia in 2020 amounted to EUR 1,252, which is 5.4% more than in the previous year. On average, men earned slightly more than the average (by 0.7%), while women earned slightly less than the average (by 0.8%). The average monthly net earnings of men amounted to EUR 1,261 and of women to EUR 1,242. Compared to 2019, the average monthly net earnings of women increased much more (by 7.3%) than of men (by 3.9%). The average monthly net earnings of persons in paid employment with the first employment in 2020 amounted to EUR 1,007.

In 2020, 63.9% of persons in paid employment had average monthly net earnings below the national average. The median of monthly net earnings, which divides the population into two halves, was in 2020 EUR 1,066 (the median of monthly net earnings of men and women was almost the same, as the difference was only EUR 2).

The average monthly net earnings of persons in paid employment with basic education or less is well below EUR 1,000

The highest average monthly net earnings in 2020 were received by men with tertiary education (EUR 1,774 or 42% more than the average). The average monthly net earnings of women with this level of education were much lower than that of men (EUR 1,529). While the average monthly net earnings of men with upper secondary education were higher than EUR 1,000, they were lower for women (EUR 977). The average monthly net earnings of persons in paid employment with basic education or less were much lower than EUR 1,000 for both women and men (EUR 832 for the former and EUR 917 for the latter).

The average monthly net earnings of persons in paid employment aged below 35 years lower than the national average, of those aged 65 years and more higher by more than a half

The average monthly net earnings of young people up to the age of 34 is lower than the average, both for women and men, due to lower education. In the age group 15–24, it amounted to EUR 878, and in the age group 25-34 to EUR 1,080. Persons in paid employment in the age group 35–44 received, on average, monthly net earnings that were close to the average; men received on average around EUR 30 net more and women on average around EUR 30 net less than the average. The highest average monthly net earnings were received by women aged 65 and more (EUR 1,947). Men in the same age group earned on average slightly less than women (EUR 1,912 net).

The highest average monthly net earnings in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (EUR 1,686); in accommodation and food service activities half of that amount

The average monthly net earnings were lower than the national average in more than half of the activities; in four activities persons in paid employment received on average less than EUR 1,000 net. The lowest average monthly net earnings were received by persons in paid employment in accommodation and food service activities (EUR 884), followed by administrative and support service activities (EUR 932), construction (EUR 976) and agriculture, forestry and fishing (EUR 996). On average, persons in paid employment in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (EUR 1,686 net) and in financial and insurance activities (EUR 1,677 net) received a half more than those in accommodation and food service activities. In the latter, men received on average much more than women (the former EUR 1,929 net, the latter EUR 1,527 net).

The highest differences in the earnings of men and women among persons in paid employment with tertiary education

In 2020, the gender pay gap among persons in paid employment with tertiary education was 15.9%. The gender pay gap was 11.1% for persons in paid employment with basic education or less and 10.6% among those with upper secondary education. The gender pay gap was the highest among those with upper secondary education in the general government sector (20.9%). In the private sector, it was the highest among persons with tertiary education (18.3%).

According to the main activity of the enterprises in which persons in paid employment are employed, financial and insurance activities, as well as human health and social work activities, still predominate in the context of inequalities in average monthly net earnings; in the former the gender pay gap was 24.4% and in the latter 22.3%. In both cases, the gender pay gap among those with tertiary education was more than 25%. However, the gender pay gap narrowed more markedly in the cohesion region Vzhodna Slovenija (by 4.3 percentage points) than in the cohesion region Zahodna Slovenija (by 2.8 percentage points). Among statistical regions, the highest gender pay gap can be detected in the Posavska and Gorenjska statistical regions (5.6% in the former and 4.8% in the latter).


Average montly net earnings by educational attainment and sex, Slovenia, 2020 (provisional data)
AverageMedianLower quartileUpper quartile10th percentile90th percentile99th percentileStandard deviation
Educational attainment - Totaltotal1,2521,0668291,4757221,9683,688655
men1,2611,0658421,4527212,0003,884693
women1,2421,0678151,5017231,9333,443605
Basic or lesstotal8848277319756791,1561,648228
men9178667351,0316711,2251,738252
women8327917278926871,0201,424173
Upper secondarytotal1,0399467851,1787101,4842,301378
men1,0759828081,2207121,5412,412403
women9778837601,0997081,3712,068319
Tertiarytotal1,6301,4841,1071,9108512,5174,573823
men1,7741,5821,1782,1028982,7905,170964
women1,5291,4211,0691,7888272,2984,044690
Source: SURS
Gender pay gap by occupational groups (SKP-08), Slovenia, 2019-2020 (provisional data)
20192020
Occupation - Total5.82.2
0 Armed forces occupations12.713.0
1 Managers3.85.8
2 Professionals15.512.8
3 Technicians and associate professionals12.49.8
4 Clerical support workers0.4-2.4
5 Service and sales workers21.121.0
6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers9.27.8
7 Craft and related trades workers17.815.1
8 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers19.513.7
9 Elementary occupations16.713.0
Source: SURS
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