Births, Slovenia, 2020

In 2020, fewer than 19,000 live births in Slovenia

In 2020, 18,767 children were born in Slovenia. The mean age of the mother at all births was 31.1 years and at the first birth 29.6 years. 57% of children were born to unmarried mothers. The most popular name for new-born boys was Luka and for new-born girls Ema.

  • 23 June 2021 at 10:30
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  • final data

Fewer than 19,000 live births

In 2020, 18,767 children were born, 561 (or 2.9%) fewer than the year before. Among these, there were 9,693 boys and 9,074 girls. The value of the basic indicator of fertility, which shows an average number of live births per 1,000 population, was 8.9 (2019: 9.3).

The mean age of mother at birth the same as in 2019

In 2020, the mean age for a woman at the first child’s birth remained the same as in 2019: 29.6 years. This applies also to the mean age of mother for all births: it was the same as in 2019 (31.1 years). One of the reasons for the decline in fertility in recent years is that more and more women are postponing having their first child.
The second important reason is the decline in the number of women in reproductive age (15–49 years), which is the consequence of the fertility decrease in the 1980s and 1990s. In one year, from the beginning to the end of 2020, the total number of women in reproductive age has not changed significantly, but the number of women in the most fertile ages (25–34) decreased a lot (by 2,000).

The total fertility rate in 2020: 1.60

Fertility below the population replacement level is characteristic for Slovenia. The total fertility rate in 2020 was 1.60. In 2020, relatively the most children were born to women aged 29 and 30 years, while in the 1965–1985 period the most children were born to mothers aged 20–24 years.

57% of children born to unmarried mothers

8,166 (43.5%) children were born to married mothers and 10,601 (56.5%) to unmarried mothers. The mean age of married mothers (31.3 years) was 0.4 years higher than the mean age of unmarried mothers (30.9 years). Married fathers were on average 34.1 years old, 2.8 years older than married mothers.

13% mothers with foreign citizenship 


One in eight children (2,462 in total) was born to a mother with foreign citizenship, the most to mothers with the citizenship of Bosnia and Herzegovina (44%) and Kosovo (18%). 11% mothers had the citizenship of one of the other EU Member States. Mothers with foreign citizenship were on average 29.4 years old and were 2 years younger than mothers with Slovene citizenship.

Some additional interesting findings for new-borns in 2020

For the 22nd consecutive year, Luka was the most popular name for new-born boys. The top girl name was again Ema (the name was number one already in 2015 and 2018). The name Luka was given to 303 (3.1%) boys, and Ema to 240 (2.6%) girls. Compared to the top 10 list from 2019, there were five new entries in 2020: Sofija, Lana, Nika, Liam and Lovro, which replaced the names Sara, Lara, Zoja, Jaka and Žan.

On average 51 children per day were born in Slovenia in 2020 (two fewer than a year before). On a working day, from Monday to Friday, on average  55 children were born per day, on Saturday on average 10 children fewer (45), and on Sunday 38 children. In the leap year 2020, 28 children were born on 29 February. 

47% of mothers in 2020 were first-time mothers.

What has changed in the field of fertility compared to 1991?

In 2020, compared to 1991, 2,816 fewer children were born. At that time, 10.8 children per 1,000 population were born, and in 2020, 2 children fewer. The mean age of a mother at the birth of a child has increased by 4.8 years since 1991, and by 5.5 years at the birth of the first child. The share of births to unmarried mothers has more than doubled since Slovenia became independent.

Natural increase in 2020 the lowest since 1945

In Slovenia, natural increase was negative every year from 2017 onwards, as more people die each year than are born. The COVID-19 epidemic and high mortality in 2020, especially in November and December, contributed to greater natural decrease: in 2020, it was −5,249 population or −2.5 per 1,000 population. This is the lowest value of natural increase in Slovenia after 1945.

Data on natural increase by municipalities and regions are published in the SiStat Database.

Live births, Slovenia
20192020
Total19,32818,767
  boys9,9779,693
  girls9,3519,074
Live births per 1,000 population9.38.9
Mean age of mother at birth
  all live births31.131.1
  first birth29.629.6
Total fertility rate1)1.611.6
Live births outside marriage (%)57.756.5
1) Average number of live born children per one woman in reproductive age.
Source: SURS
Top 10 names of children born in 2020, Slovenia
Rank BoysGirls
namenumbernamenumber
1Luka303Ema240
2Filip225Zala217
3Mark214Mia208
4Nik207Hana180
5Jakob204Julija179
6Tim166Eva177
7Liam142Ela161
8Jan139Sofija152
9Lovro139Lana138
10Oskar139Nika138
Source: SURS
Natural increase, Slovenia
20192020
Live births19,32818,767
Deaths20,58824,016
Natural increase-1,260-5,249
Natural increase per 1,000 population-0.6-2.5
Source: SURS
Visit our SiStat database.