Definitons and explanations - BUILDINGS AND DWELLINGS
Definitions and explanations contents
is any structure that has four walls
and one or several entrances and is built to be lived in, perform any
activity or keep material goods.
At the 2002 Census the Statistical Office for the first time included
buildings as an enumeration unit.
Building with dwellings
is a structure containing at least one dwelling. Buildings containing
only premises other than dwellings by definition (occupied provisional
premises, business premises, collective living quarters) are not
Building with dwellings and other
is a structure with at
least one dwelling or other living quarter (occupied provisional
premises, occupied business premises, dwellings for business purposes
only, collective living quarters).
Type of building with regard to construction
is defined according to the way the building is constructed; whether it
is an individual detached structure, semi detached or attached
structure, multi-dwelling structure or some other kind of building.
A detached individual house
is a building that stands independently on the ground and is by its
original method of construction not a multi-dwelling building (e.g. a
block of flats, a skyscraper, etc.), even though there may be more than
one dwelling in it.
A semi-detached or row house is the
type of building constructed in a row. A row house has its own entrance,
its own house number, and two (or at least one) common walls and a
A house with agricultural premises is a
building in which beside of the dwelling there are also agricultural
A multi-dwelling building is a block of
flats, a skyscraper or an old urban multi-dwelling building (e.g.
buildings in city centres that were built close to one another and by
their appearance do not resemble modern multi-dwelling buildings).
Multi-dwelling buildings have common staircases from which entrances
lead into individual dwellings.
Other type of building is a building
that cannot be classified into any other type, however at least one
dwelling or some other occupied premise is located in it (e.g. various
office buildings, schools, hospitals, hotels, old people’s homes, etc.).
Type of building
with regard to use
is defined according to the way the building is used; whether it is used
only for residential purposes or it is used also for other purposes. If
the building is not used for residential purposes only, its use is
defined regarding the major part of floor space used for a certain
Type of building
can also be derived from the number of dwellings and the use of
building, by distinguishing between the residential and non-residential
buildings the criterion of the type of construction is also considered.
The number of dwellings does not include occupied provisional premises,
occupied business premises, dwellings used only for business purposes
and collective living quarters. Thus, the buildings are divided into
One-dwelling house is a house with one dwelling;
Two-dwelling house is a house with two dwellings;
or more dwelling building is a building with three or more dwellings
(irrespective whether it is an individual detached house, a
semi-detached or attached house, a house with agricultural premises
or a multi-dwelling building);
Non-residential and other buildings are buildings mostly used for
non-residential purposes or buildings which mostly contain premises
other than dwellings (business buildings, schools, various homes,
Material of the
bearing structure of the building
is the material which constitutes the most of the construction (bearing)
walls and in the case of the skeleton construction the frame of the
Type of roofing
is defined according to the material of the roofing. The shape of the
roofing is not important (it could be flat, covered with tiles or
in a building are counted from the ground floor up. The ground floor and
the attic are not counted as floors.
Year of construction is the year in
which the building was constructed. For damaged or almost demolished
buildings which were later on reconstructed or improved, the year of
reconstruction or improvement is taken into account.
Average number of dwellings per
is the ratio between the
number of all dwellings in the buildings and the number of all buildings
with dwellings in a certain administrative spatial unit.
is any structurally unified whole intended for residence, with one or
more rooms, with or without appropriate utility spaces (kitchen,
bathroom, toilet, hallway, larder, etc.) and with at least one separate
collective living quarter
is a group of premises intended for habitation of a larger number of
persons and used as a usual residence of at least one person at the time
of the census.
dwelling occupied by households or temporarily present persons who live
in the dwelling temporarily because of work or schooling.
Another dwelling that the household uses at the same address is also
included. At the 1991 Census these dwellings were not considered to be
Number of persons
in a dwelling
Compared to previous
censuses, in accordance with the new definition of population the number
of people in the dwelling no longer covers persons absent for over a
year because of living abroad.
occupied by households
are dwellings in which at least one household lives. Dwellings occupied
only by temporarily present persons are not included. Another dwelling
which the household uses at the same address is not included.
occupied by persons
are dwellings in which households or temporarily present persons live.
Another dwelling which the household uses at the same address is not
residence and business purposes
is an occupied dwelling which is at the same time used also for
performing certain business activity.
A dwelling for
business activity is
a dwelling in which nobody lives and is entirely used for performing
business activity. In architectural sense, the dwelling is not converted
into business premises. This dwelling is not included in the number of
A temporarily unoccupied dwelling is a
dwelling that is new and not yet settled in, or a dwelling that is
vacant because of moving, adaptation, repairs or a dwelling the owner of
which lives in another dwelling and does not use this dwelling and does
not let it to other people.
is a dwelling that has been abandoned for a long time because the owner
moved away and did not let the dwelling to other people or the owner
died and the heirs did not let the dwelling to other people or they do
not use it for rest and recreation.
occasional use are
dwellings for leisure and recreation and dwellings for the time of
seasonal work in agriculture.
Dwellings for leisure and recreation
are by definition dwellings that are used occasionally or for several
months a year for rest and recreation.
Dwellings for the time of seasonal work in
agriculture are dwellings that households use only during
seasonal work in agriculture.
The number of dwellings in a census
comprises all dwellings except dwellings that are used only for
performing business activity, other occupied premises and collective
According to international recommendations for censuses, conventional
dwellings cover occupied and unoccupied dwellings and dwellings for
occasional use. In the 1991 Census the number of dwellings for which
detailed results were published comprised only occupied and unoccupied
dwellings (data on dwellings for leisure and recreation were shown
separately). For comparison with the 2002 Census, we have recalculated
some data from the 1991 Census in the way that we considered the same
concept for the number of dwellings as used in the 2002 Census.
Other occupied premises are premises
that are by definition not dwellings but were used as dwellings during
the time of the census (occupied business premises, occupied provisional
Occupied business premises are occupied
shops, offices, rooms in hotels, hospitals and old people's homes where
households live which are not users of services of these homes, etc.
Occupied provisional premises are huts,
garages, basements, wagons, trailers, tents, etc.
Type of ownership
is defined according to the fact whether the owner of the dwelling is a
natural person, state, municipality, public funds, various
Dwelling in the
of the natural person can be:
is a dwelling
occupied by a household the member of which is the owner/co-owner of the
Dwelling in the
property of the public sector
is a dwelling which is owned by the state, municipalities, public funds,
public companies or public institutes.
The position of
dwelling in the building
shows the location of the dwelling in the building – in the basement,
ground floor, floor above the ground floor, in two or more floors or
attic. Floors are counted from the ground floor up. The ground floor and
attic are not counted as floors. If a dwelling is in two or more floors
but in a multi-dwelling or multistorey building (e.g. block of flats,
skyscraper), the position of the dwelling is defined by the number of
the floor on which the entrance to the dwelling is located.
space of a dwelling
is the sum of useful floor space of all rooms, kitchen and other utility
spaces (bathroom, toilet, hallway) and areas of enclosed terraces and
verandas. The area of the room and kitchen which are architecturally
separated from the dwelling but are used as a part of the dwelling all
the year round is also taken into account. The area of open terraces and
balconies, architecturally separated utility spaces, garages, cellars
and attics unsuitable for living is not taken into account.
space of the dwelling
is the ratio between the total useful floor space of dwellings and the
number of all dwellings in certain administrative spatial unit.
floor space per person
is calculated per each individual dwelling occupied by persons. It is
the ratio between the useful floor space of dwelling and the number of
persons in this dwelling. The number of persons in the dwelling includes
members of the household and temporarily present persons. In this case,
the number of occupied dwellings does not include another dwelling used
at the same address.
is a space intended for living and separated from other residential area
with walls. It has direct daylight and its floor space is at least 6m2.
used only for business purposes
is a room used only for performing a certain business activity. It is
included in the number of rooms in the dwelling.
A separate room
is a small dwelling with one room without a kitchen and bathroom. It can
have a hallway, toilet or larder, however the total useful floor space
of these utility spaces must not exceed 6m2.
A bed sit is a small dwelling
with one room, a bathroom and a hallway, and with or without a small
in the dwelling are kitchen, bathroom and toilet. A dwelling does not
have these premises if they are in the same building but out of the
dwelling or if they are outside the building in the yard (e.g. toilet).
within the dwelling can be balcony, terrace, atrium, winter garden,
pantry or cellar. A dwelling can have one, more or none of the mentioned
A dwelling has
of water supply, sewage, electricity, gas or central heating if certain
installation is in at least one premise of the dwelling. It does not
matter if the installation is connected to a public system or some other
A dwelling has a
if there is a connection to a stationary telephone network in the
A dwelling has a
if there is a connection to a cable television network in the dwelling.
Type of heating
is defined according to the way the dwelling was heated in the last
are defined according to the fuels and energy used for heating the
dwelling in the last heating season. A dwelling can have more than one
source of heating. The dwelling is heated if at least one premise in the
dwelling is heated.
Main source of
is the source mostly used in the last heating season.
The year of the last renovation
is the most recent year in which the dwelling was renovated or
some major works have been done by which the outer or inner walls could
be changed, the order or purpose of the dwelling could be altered,
material life of the dwellings could be prolonged or the value of the
dwelling could be significantly increased.
Renovation is also
reconstruction of the attic, cellar or business premise into the
households in dwellings only private
households residing in dwellings are considered, excluding households
living in occupied premises other than dwellings by definition (e.g.
occupied provisional or business premises, collective living quarters).
There can be more than one household in the dwelling.
refers to arrangements under which a household occupies all or
part of a dwelling.
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