Statistični urad Republike Slovenije



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Definitons and explanations - ACTIVITY

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Labour force is composed by persons in employment and unemployed persons.

Persons in employment are persons in paid employment and self-employed persons:

1. persons whose data we got from the Statistical Register of Employment (SRDAP):
  persons who have pension and disability insurance or are employed in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia;
  persons performing public works;
2. persons who are in compulsory regular or civilian military service;
3. persons who declared that they are employed:
  because they work outside the territory of the Republic of Slovenia;
  but their employers have not yet registrated them to the Pension and Disability Insurance Institute by the census reference date;
  because they are performing other forms of work (work contract, authorship, work for direct payment, etc.).

Persons in paid employment are:

persons in paid employment in enterprises, companies and organisations who have employment contracts;
persons in paid employment at self-employed persons who have employment contracts;
persons performing public works;
persons in compulsory regular or civilian military service;
persons who declared they are employed.

Self-employed persons are:

individual private entrepreneurs who perform economic or profit activity;
own account workers (e.g. lawyers, freelance cultural workers, priests, foster parents, etc.);
unpaid family workers – persons who are formally not employed or self-employed but work on a family farm, in a family craft, family enterprise or some other form of family gainful activity and they do not receive regular payment for their work;
persons who declared they are self-employed.

Farmers are:

farmers, holders of an agricultural holding who have pension and health insurance;
members of an agricultural holding who have pension and health insurance;
farmers and members of an agricultural holding who only have health insurance;
persons who declared they are farmers.

Unemployed persons are:

registered unemployed persons for whom the data were obtained from the unemployment register kept by the Employment Service of Slovenia;
persons who declared they are unemployed.

Inactive population are persons aged 15 or over who are not classified as persons in employment or unemployed persons. They are:

children, pupils and students older than 15;
retired persons;
persons unable to work due to age, illness or disability;
persons in prisons;
other persons.

Retired persons are persons receiving pensions (old age, invalidity, farmer’s survivor’s):

according to regulations in the Republic of Slovenia;
from a foreign pension insurance carrier;
recepients of maintenance allowances for farmers.

Children, pupils and students receiving suvivor’s pension and are in education are taken into account in the category Children, pupils and students.

Homemakers are persons engaged in housework and not having their own means of livelihood.

Unable to work due to age, illness or disability are persons who are unable to work due to age, illness or disability and do not have their own means of livelihood. This category covers disabled people who are not in labour relation because they are being retrained.

Persons in prisons are persons who were on 31 March 2003 at least 6 months in prison or in a correction facility.

Other persons are persons who do not belong into any of the above-mentioned category of inactive population (e.g. rentiers).

Children, pupils and students are persons who by the census reference date did not complete 15 years of age and persons who are older than 15 but are in education and are not employed, self-employed, farmers or unemployed.

Occupation is a statistical and analytical category into which jobs similar in contents and skill required are classified.

Activity is the basic function of a business subject with which it creates profit or realizes some other basic purpose of its foundation. It is not referred to persons in employment directly but to legal or natural persons by which the person is employed or self-employed.

Agriculture includes sections A and B of the Standard Classification of Activities (agriculture, hunting, forestry; fishing).

Industry includes sections C to F of the Standard Classification of Activities (mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; construction).

Services include sections G to O of the Standard Classification of Activities (wholesale, retail, certain repair; hotels and restaurants; transport, storage and communication; financial intermediation; real estate, renting and business activities; public administration, defence, compensatory social security; education; health and social work; other community, social and personal services).

Frequency of journey to work determines whether:
- a person returns from the place of work every day;
- because of work lives outside the household (e.g. own or rented dwelling, employed-tied dwelling) and returns to the household weekly or even less frequently;
- works at home (e.g. farmers in own agricultural holding, self-employed motor-vehicle drivers, other persons in employment working at the address of residence).

Mode of transport to work is the most frequently used means of transport (walking) in the last year in normal conditions for journey (weather, traffic). For persons using more than one mode of transport, the mode of transport used for the greatest distance is regarded.

Time spent for journey to work in one direction in minutes is total average time spent on all means of transport (walking) in normal conditions for journey (weather, traffic) using the usual route to work.


At the 2002 Census, two criteria were used for determining the dependency status:

  1. Employment

  2. For unemployed persons, inactive population and children under 15 years of age, the amount of receipts received in 2002.

As receipts, all income from employment or unemployment, pensions and other social receipts, family benefits, property income and other receipts that a person received in 2002 were considered. Data on receipts were gathered from various administrative sources. For the amount that is large enough to enable living, the minimum income set by the Social Assistance and Services Act for 2002 was used.


  • Persons in employment

  • Other persons with their own receipts large enough to enable living


  • Persons without receipts of their own

  • Persons with their own receipts not large enough to enable living

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First Release

PDF - 108 KB


  Basic data on the population, families, buildings and dwellings in Slovenia, and changes between the 1991 and 2002 censuses.

Rapid Reports, Population

Census data show that demographic characteristics of the population in Slovenia, its way of living and habitation are changing.


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  Municicipalities overview

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Censuses in Slovenia 1948–1991 and Census 2002

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  Short analytical overview of the population, households and housing in Slovenia in words, pictures and figures.



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