Municipality Kostel, which is part of the Jugovzhodna Slovenija statistical region, measures 56 km2; this ranks it 123rd among Slovene municipalities.
Statistical data for 2020 reveal the following:
In the middle of 2020 about 670 people (about 360 men and 320 women) were living in the municipality, which ranks Kostel 207th among Slovene municipalities. The population density was 12 people per square kilometre, which was lower than the national average of 104 people per square kilometre.
The number of live births was higher than the number of deaths, which means that natural increase per 1,000 population in the municipality was positive. It was 4.5 (in Slovenia -2.5). The number of people who moved from the municipality was lower than the number of people who moved into the municipality, so net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was positive. It was 75.7. The sum of natural increase and net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was positive. It was 80.1 (in Slovenia 6.2).
The mean age of people in Kostel was 50.6 years, which was higher than the national average (43.6).
As in most Slovene municipalities, in Kostel the number of old people was higher than the number of young people: there were 318 people, aged 65 or more, per 100 people aged 0–14. This ratio shows that the value of the ageing index was higher than the national average of 136. It also shows that the mean age of people in Kostel is growing more rapidly than in Slovenia as a whole. Data by sex show that the ageing index for women was in all municipalities except in three (Dobrovnik/Dobronak, Jezersko in Loški Potok) higher than the ageing index for men. In Kostel – as in most Slovene municipalities – more women were 65+ years old than 14 or less; for men the situation was the same.
Kostel had 1 kindergarten, which was attended by 15 children. Of all children in the municipality aged 1–5, 61% were included in kindergartens, which was less than national average of 81%. In the school year 2020/21 elementary school in Kostel was attended by about 40 pupils, while various upper secondary schools were attended by about 20 pupils. There were 23 students and 3 graduates per 1,000 people in the municipality; in Slovenia the averages were 39 per 1,000 and 7 per 1,000, respectively.
Among people aged 15–64 (i.e. working age population) about 61% were persons in employment (i.e. persons in paid employment or self-employed persons), which is less than the national average (66%).
In Kostel, average monthly gross earnings per person employed by legal persons were about 14% lower than the annual average of monthly earnings for Slovenia; net earnings were about 12% lower.
Among 1,000 inhabitants in the municipality, 530 had a passenger car. The car was on average 11 years old.
In 2020, 248 kg of municipal waste per person was collected in Kostel, which is 107 kg less than on average in Slovenia.