Municipality Kanal, which is part of the Goriška statistical region, measures 147 km2; this ranks it 41st among Slovene municipalities.
Statistical data for 2020 reveal the following:
In the middle of 2020 about 5,300 people (about 2,690 men and 2,610 women) were living in the municipality, which ranks Kanal 100th among Slovene municipalities. The population density was 36 people per square kilometre, which was lower than the national average of 104 people per square kilometre.
The number of live births was lower than the number of deaths, which means that natural increase per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -1.5 (in Slovenia -2.5). The number of people who moved from the municipality was higher than the number of people who moved into the municipality, so net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -1.3. The sum of natural increase and net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -2.8 (in Slovenia 6.2).
The mean age of people in Kanal was 46.4 years, which was higher than the national average (43.6).
As in most Slovene municipalities, in Kanal the number of old people was higher than the number of young people: there were 181 people, aged 65 or more, per 100 people aged 0–14. This ratio shows that the value of the ageing index was higher than the national average of 136. It also shows that the mean age of people in Kanal is growing more rapidly than in Slovenia as a whole. Data by sex show that the ageing index for women was in all municipalities except in three (Dobrovnik/Dobronak, Jezersko in Loški Potok) higher than the ageing index for men. In Kanal – as in most Slovene municipalities – more women were 65+ years old than 14 or less; for men the situation was the same.
Kanal had 3 kindergartens, which were attended by 138 children. Of all children in the municipality aged 1–5, 74% were included in kindergartens, which was less than national average of 81%. In the school year 2020/21 elementary schools in Kanal were attended by about 440 pupils, while various upper secondary schools were attended by about 180 pupils. There were 40 students and 7 graduates per 1,000 people in the municipality; in Slovenia the averages were 39 per 1,000 and 7 per 1,000, respectively.
Among people aged 15–64 (i.e. working age population) about 65% were persons in employment (i.e. persons in paid employment or self-employed persons), which is less than the national average (66%).
In Kanal, average monthly gross earnings per person employed by legal persons were about 9% lower than the annual average of monthly earnings for Slovenia; net earnings were about 7% lower.
Among 1,000 inhabitants in the municipality, 645 had a passenger car. The car was on average 13 years old.
In 2020, 411 kg of municipal waste per person was collected in Kanal, which is 56 kg more than on average in Slovenia.