The underground Karst world with the world famous Postojna Cave and the intermittent Cerknica Lake is the most important feature of this statistical region. As regards the area, this is one of the smallest regions in Slovenia; and it is the least densely populated, having 6 times lower population density than the Osrednjeslovenska region.

The Notranjsko-kraška region is among economically less developed in the country as in 2012 it contributed only 1.8% of Slovenia’s GDP. With on average 4 persons in paid employment, enterprises in the region are among smaller enterprises in the country. In 2012 agriculture in this region generated around 6% of gross value added, which is one of the highest shares of gross value added by agriculture in individual region. In 2013 average utilised agricultural area per agricultural holding was in this region the highest.

The Notranjsko-kraška region had the highest employment rate (it was 59.9% in 2013), while the registered unemployment rate was among the lowest. And interesting in this region is also the fact that it had the highest share of women in tertiary education (151 women students per 100 male students).