This coastal statistical region with the sub-Mediterranean climate is the only one with an exit to the sea. Natural features enable the development of tourism, transport and special agricultural crops.
Three quarters of gross value added are generated by services. In 2011, trade, accommodation and transport activities contributed more than a third of gross value added in the region; most of it was generated by activities in the Port of Koper and the seaside and spa tourism. The Obalno-kraška region recorded almost a quarter of all tourist nights in the country in 2012; slightly less than half by domestic tourists. As regards foreign tourists, Italians, Austrians and Germans predominated.
The Obalno-kraška region was in 2012 one of the three regions that recorded a positive annual population growth rate. It was 4.6‰. However, the age structure of the population was less favourable. In mid-2012 the ageing index was 134.5, which means that for 100 inhabitants younger than 15 years there were 135 inhabitants aged 65 or more. Agricultural holdings in this region are among the smallest in Slovenia as regards average utilised agricultural area per agricultural holding and as regards the number of livestock on agricultural holdings.