This statistical region of wooded hills and three river valleys lies in the northern part of the country along the border with Austria. As regards traffic, it is difficult to access and is badly connected with the central part of Slovenia.

The environment has been strongly affected by the heavy industry in the valleys. The importance of agriculture in the region is shown by the fact that agricultural holdings in Koroška are among the largest in the country both in terms of their average size of utilised agricultural area and in terms of the number of livestock units per agricultural holding. More than 90% of agricultural holdings in Koroška are breeding livestock. Regarding the average age, managers of agricultural holdings in Koroška are the youngest (53 years); they are on average eight years younger than managers of agricultural holdings in the Notranjsko-kraška region.

In 2012 the registered unemployment rate was about the same as the national average. The difference between the registered unemployment rate for men and women was the highest, namely for women it was 6 percentage points higher than for men. In 2012, most of the insolvency proceedings were commenced in Koroška, i.e. 18 compulsory compositions, bankruptcies and liquidations per 1,000 companies and cooperatives in the region. The share of five years survivals among new enterprises was here the highest (61% of all new enterprises in 2011). This region also had the highest share of innovation active enterprises (62% of all enterprises).