Municipality Kanal, which is part of the Goriška statistical region, measures 147 km2; this ranks it 43rd among Slovene municipalities.
Statistical data for 2011 reveal the following:
In the middle of 2011 about 5,700 people (about 2,850 men and 2,850 women) were living in the municipality, which ranks Kanal 89th among Slovene municipalities. The population density was 39 people per square kilometre, which was lower than the national average of 101 people per square kilometre.
The number of live births was lower than the number of deaths, which means that natural increase per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -0.4 (in Slovenia 1.6). The number of people who moved from the municipality was higher than the number of people who moved into the municipality, so net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -11.7. The sum of natural increase and net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -12.1 (in Slovenia 2.6).
The mean age of people in Kanal was 43.9 years, which was higher than the national average (41.8).
As in most Slovene municipalities, in Kanal the number of old people was higher than the number of young people: there were 146 people, aged 65 or more, per 100 people aged 0–14. This ratio shows that the value of the ageing index was higher than the national average of 117. It also shows that the mean age of people in Kanal is growing more rapidly than in Slovenia as a whole. Data by sex show that the ageing index for women was in all Slovene municipalities higher than the ageing index for men. In Kanal – as in most Slovene municipalities – more women were 65+ years old than 14 or less; for men the situation was the same.
Kanal had 3 kindergartens. They were attended by 182 children or 72% of all children aged 1–5, which was less than the national average of 76%. In the school year 2011/2012 basic schools in Kanal were attended by about 420 pupils, while various upper secondary schools were attended by about 190 pupils. There were 50 students and 11 graduates per 1,000 people in the municipality; in Slovenia the averages were 51 per 1,000 and 10 per 1,000, respectively.
Among people aged 15–64 (i.e. working age population) about 56% were persons in employment (i.e. persons in paid employment or self-employed persons), which is less than the national average of 58%.
The registered unemployment rate was 11.1%, which is less than the national average (11.8%). As in most Slovene municipalities, more women than men were unemployed.
In Kanal, average monthly gross earnings per person employed by legal persons were about 1% higher than the annual average of monthly earnings for Slovenia; and net earnings about 1% higher.
Every 33rd person in the municipality was receiving at least one financial social assistance. In Slovenia as a whole every 24th person received at least one financial social assistance.
In 2011, there were 474 dwellings per 1,000 population. About 76% of dwellings had at least three rooms. Average size of dwellings in the municipality was 85 m2.
About every other person in Kanal had a car (58 passenger cars per 100 population); cars in this municipality were on average 10 years old.
In 2011, 362 kg of municipal waste per person was collected in Kanal, which is 10 kg more than on average in Slovenia.