Municipality Črnomelj, which is part of the Jugovzhodna Slovenija statistical region, measures 340 km2; this ranks it 5th among Slovene municipalities.
Statistical data for 2011 reveal the following:
In the middle of 2011 about 14,750 people (about 7,450 men and 7,300 women) were living in the municipality, which ranks Črnomelj 36th among Slovene municipalities. The population density was 43 people per square kilometre, which was lower than the national average of 101 people per square kilometre.
The number of live births was lower than the number of deaths, which means that natural increase per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -0.5 (in Slovenia 1.6). The number of people who moved from the municipality was lower than the number of people who moved into the municipality, so net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was positive. It was 0.1. The sum of natural increase and net migration per 1,000 population in the municipality was negative. It was -0.4 (in Slovenia 2.6).
The mean age of people in Črnomelj was 42.1 years, which was higher than the national average (41.8).
As in most Slovene municipalities, in Črnomelj the number of old people was higher than the number of young people: there were 119 people, aged 65 or more, per 100 people aged 0–14. This ratio shows that the value of the ageing index was higher than the national average of 117. It also shows that the mean age of people in Črnomelj is growing more rapidly than in Slovenia as a whole. Data by sex show that the ageing index for women was in all Slovene municipalities higher than the ageing index for men. In Črnomelj – as in most Slovene municipalities – more women were 65+ years old than 14 or less; for men the situation was exactly the opposite.
Črnomelj had 7 kindergartens. They were attended by 498 children or 66% of all children aged 1–5, which was less than the national average of 76%. In the school year 2011/2012 basic schools in Črnomelj were attended by about 1,090 pupils, while various upper secondary schools were attended by about 580 pupils. There were 50 students and 9 graduates per 1,000 people in the municipality; in Slovenia the averages were 51 per 1,000 and 10 per 1,000, respectively.
Among people aged 15–64 (i.e. working age population) about 58% were persons in employment (i.e. persons in paid employment or self-employed persons), which is the same as the national average.
The registered unemployment rate was 15.3%, which is more than the national average (11.8%). As in most Slovene municipalities, more women than men were unemployed.
In Črnomelj, average monthly gross earnings per person employed by legal persons were about 18% lower than the annual average of monthly earnings for Slovenia; and net earnings about 14% lower.
Every 26th person in the municipality was receiving at least one financial social assistance. In Slovenia as a whole every 24th person received at least one financial social assistance.
In 2011, there were 400 dwellings per 1,000 population. About 59% of dwellings had at least three rooms. Average size of dwellings in the municipality was 81 m2.
Every other person in Črnomelj had a car (48 passenger cars per 100 population); cars in this municipality were on average 9 years old.
In 2011, 319 kg of municipal waste per person was collected in Črnomelj, which is 33 kg less than on average in Slovenia.