This region in the south-east of Slovenia is the largest region in the country and incorporates four distinct parts: the land of woodenware, of the brown bear, of light red wine Cviček and of Zeleni Jurij (Green George).

The development of this region is largely the result of industry (car industry, pharmaceutical industry and other light industry) as it created almost a half of gross value added in the region in 2008. Enterprises, companies and organisations with 20 or more employees are third in the country according to per capita gross investments in new fixed assets, although these investments do not exceed the national average per capita gross investments. The expenditure on research and development (R&D) amounting to 3.2% of the regional GDP in 2008 underlined the importance of R&D in the region. The main sources of financing were business enterprises.

This region had lower registered unemployment rates than the national average. However, the structure of unemployed was less favourable since more than two fifth of them had the lowest level of education.

Population indicators are much more favourable. In 2009 the region was fourth regarding population increase which mainly increased due to immigration. The share of young people (aged 0-14) was still the highest in the country, although it was already lower than the share of people aged 65 or more (15.6%). Despite that, the mean age of population in Jugovzhodna Slovenija is the lowest; in 2009 it was almost 2 years lower than the mean age of population in Obalno-kraška.