This region lies at the far west of Slovenia along the border with Italy. The Julian Alps, the Soča River and the fertile Vipava valley are the most prominent natural features of this region.

Although it contributed less than 6% to total national GDP in 2008, in terms of GDP per capita it ranked third in the country.

In 2009, 7.1% of the labour force were unemployed. The employment ratio of older persons (aged 55-64) was above the average in Slovenia. Although earnings of persons employed by enterprises were third in the country in 2009, they were under the national average. In the same year the highest number of sick leave cases was registered (117 per 100 persons in employment), but leaves were among the shortest. This region had the highest rate of people working part-time due to parenthood and together with Koroška and Gorenjska regions the highest rate of fathers who were beneficiaries of father’s compensation and paternity leave.

As life expectancy is the highest in Slovenia, the share of people aged 65+ is also the highest. In 2009 the share of old people in Goriška was already 18.1%. Furthermore, in Goriška the age group 65+ exceeded the number of population aged 0-14 by 34%, which reflected in almost the highest ageing index in Slovenia and contributed to the highest number of age dependant persons among regions - 46 per 100 working-age persons.