This region lies at the far west of Slovenia along the border with Italy. The Julian Alps, the Soča River and the fertile Vipava valley are the most prominent natural features of this region.

Although it contributed less than 6% to total national GDP in 2007, in terms of GDP per capita it ranked third in the country.

In 2008 the region had the lowest unemployment rate; only 4.3% of the labour force were unemployed. The employment ratio of older persons (aged 55-64) was above the average in Slovenia. Although earnings of persons employed by enterprises were third in the country in 2008, they were under the national average. In the same year the highest number of sick leave cases was registered (112 per 100 persons in employment); on average they were the shortest and presented the lowest share of the annual sick leave per employee (3.6%). This region had the largest number of people working part-time due to parenthood but also the lowest number of people receiving financial social assistance.

As life expectancy is the highest in Slovenia, the share of people aged 65 or more is also the highest. In 2008 the share of old people in Goriška was already 18.4%. Furthermore, in Goriška the age group 65 or more exceeded the number of population aged 0-14 by 36%, which reflected in almost the highest ageing index in Slovenia and contributed to the highest number of age dependant persons among regions - 47 per 100 working-age persons.