Income, poverty and social exclusion indicators, Slovenia, 2020
In 2020, higher at-risk-of-poverty rate and at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate
In 2020, the at-risk-of-poverty rate (12.4%) was 0.4 of a percentage point (p.p.) higher and the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (15.0%) was 0.6 p.p. higher than in 2019. The annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold increased by EUR 424 to EUR 8,864 or EUR 739 per month.
According to the 2020 Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), the at-risk-of-poverty rate in Slovenia was 12.4%. This means that in 2020 about 254,000 people in Slovenia were living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, which is about 11,000 more than in the previous year. The calculation is based on the income earned in 2019.
The annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a one-member household was set at EUR 8,864; the net disposable monthly income of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold was thus below EUR 739 per equivalised adult person. The threshold for a four-member family with two adults and two children younger than 14 was set at EUR 1,551 per month and the threshold for a two-member household without children at EUR 1,108 per month.
Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty rate increased by 0.4 p.p. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold increased by EUR 424 per year.
254,000 people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold
Among the 254,000 persons below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, 97,000 were retired (19.5% of all retired persons), 46,000 were persons in employment (5% of all persons in employment), 41,000 were underage children (10.5% of all children), 38,000 were unemployed (43.4% of all unemployed persons), and 32,000 were other persons (19.6% of all persons unable to work, homemakers, students, other inactive and unclassified persons).
Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty rates by most frequent activity status in the income reference year 2019 increased for all groups of persons, except for employees and the unemployed, where the rates slightly decreased (by 0.2 p.p. for each of them). As regards age, the at-risk-of-poverty rate decreased for persons aged 25–29 (by 2.4 p.p.) and persons aged 75+ (by 0.5 p.p.), for underage children it remained the same, while in all other age groups it increased. The at-risk-of-poverty rate also decreased for households without active members (by 1.7 p.p.), for single-parent households (by 4.3 p.p.) and for households of three or more adults without dependent children (by 0.8 p.p.).
Social transfers still lower the at-risk-of-poverty rate
In Slovenia, social transfers including pensions still have an important impact on decreasing the at-risk-of-poverty rate. If social transfers - family and social benefits - were not considered as income, the at-risk-of-poverty rate would amount to 22.4%. If also pensions were subtracted from income, the at-risk-of-poverty rate would increase to as much as 39.4%.
Average annual household income higher in 2019
The average annual net disposable household income amounted to EUR 25,804 and was thus EUR 1,079 higher than in the previous year. The average equivalised disposable income per household member calculated with the OECD modified equivalence scale increased by EUR 600 (to EUR 15,836). The median equivalised disposable income increased by EUR 707 (to EUR 14,774).
The Gini coefficient decreased by 0.4 p.p. over the previous year and the quintile share ratio by 0.1 p.p. Therefore, we can infer that income was slightly more equally distributed among households.
One in seven people in Slovenia at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2020
Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate increased by 0.6 p.p. It was 15.0%, so about 309,000 people in Slovenia were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2020, i.e. 16,000 more than in the previous year. More persons than a year before were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion due to the increase in two out of three social exclusion indicators: the at-risk-of-poverty rate and the severe material deprivation rate (each of them increased by 0.4 p.p.); the very low work intensity rate decreased by 0.4 p.p.
The share of persons exposed to all three forms of social exclusion remained the same. In 2020, there were about 0.5% or 9,000 such persons in Slovenia, 1,000 fewer than a year earlier.
The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate the highest in the Koroška and the lowest in the Posavska statistical regions
The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate was the highest in the Koroška statistical region (21.3%) and the lowest in the Posavska statistical region (10.5%). The at-risk-of-poverty rate (17.7%) and the severe material deprivation rate (5.6%) were also the highest in the Koroška statistical region.
The very low work intensity rate was the highest in the Savinjska statistical region (7.4%) and the lowest in the Primorsko-Notranjska statistical region (2.6%). The at-risk-of-poverty rate was the lowest in the Gorenjska statistical region (9.2%), while the severe material deprivation rate was the lowest in the Posavska statistical region (0.6%).
Compared to the previous year, the share of people at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion decreased in four statistical regions (Savinjska, Zasavska, Posavska and Jugovzhodna Slovenija) and increased in eight.
The Europe 2020 Strategy goal exceeded in 2020
In the Europe 2020 Strategy, which should deliver in the EU high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion, EU Member States set a goal to reduce the number of people living in poverty or social exclusion by 2020; the goal for Slovenia is 40,000.
In Slovenia the number of people living in poverty or social exclusion decreased from 361,000 in the base year 2008 to 309,000 in 2020 (by 52,000). This means that the goal was reached in 2020. The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate declined from 18.5% (2008) to 15% (2020), while compared to 2019 it slightly increased (by 0.6 p.p.).
Lower long-term poverty in 2020
Particularly problematic is long-term poverty, which leads people into social exclusion, since it prevents them from accessing some of the goods, services and activities that are normal for the society in which they live. Long-term poverty is measured by the persistent at-risk-of-poverty rate, which shows the share of people who were below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold in the current year and at least two out of the preceding three years.
The persistent at-risk-of-poverty rate decreased compared to the previous year, i.e. by 0.4 p.p. In 2020, 7% or 124,000 people in Slovenia were living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a longer time (one in fourteen); a year before the share was 7.4% (approximately 10,000 more).
Basic income, poverty and social exclusion indicators, Slovenia
People with lowest at-risk-of-poverty rate, Slovenia
People with highest at-risk-of-poverty rate, Slovenia
The source for calculating the at-risk-of-poverty rate and other indicators for 2020 is data from the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) 2020, which was implemented with the Survey on Living Conditions in 2020 (survey year) and the use of administrative and register data for 2019 (income reference year).
Today we are publishing final data for 2020 in comparison with 2019. The data were collected with the survey questionnaire in the first half of the year for 2019, and in two periods for 2020. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, the data were collected in 2020 from 15 January to 15 March (first collection period - before the health crisis) and from 15 May to 15 September (second collection period - during the health crisis or after the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic).More detailed data will be published in the SiStat Database on 8 July 2021.