Research and Development Activity, Slovenia, 2020

Slovenia allocated EUR 1 billion for research and development in 2020

Gross domestic expenditure on research and development (R&D) in 2020 amounted to 2% more than in 2019. 

  • 5 November 2021 at 10:30
  • |
  • provisional data
Despite the epidemic, R&D investments record high

According to provisional data, gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in Slovenia in 2020 reached a record high of EUR 1 billion, which is 2% more than in 2019. Compared with the previous year, we can see a growing trend in gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD), both in absolute terms and as a share of GDP. If GERD is expressed as a share of GDP, in 2020 this share was 2.15% of Slovenia’s GDP1, which is 0.1 of a percentage point more than in the previous year.

The largest part of R&D funds was spent in the business enterprise sector

As in the previous years, the largest part of R&D funds in 2020 was spent in the business enterprise sector (EUR 738.6 million or 73% of total funds), followed by the government sector (EUR 138.6 million or 14% of total funds), the higher education sector (EUR 123.2 million or 12% of total funds) and the private non-profit sector (EUR 7.1 million). Compared to the previous year, expenditure on R&D in 2020 slightly increased in all sectors of performance: in absolute terms the most in the business enterprise sector (by EUR 7.3 million) and relatively the most in the private non-profit sector (by 17%).

Business enterprises provided half of R&D funds

As in the previous years, business enterprises provided the biggest financial support for R&D. According to provisional data, they provided EUR 490.8 million, which is 49% of GERD, followed by the government and the rest of the world (both 25%), while higher education and private non-profit organizations together funded one percent of GERD. The structure of financial resources for R&D in 2020 changed compared to the previous year. Compared to the previous year, the funding for R&D in 2020 decreased by companies (by EUR 118.6 million or 19%) and increased by the rest of the world (by EUR 116.7 million or 89%)2.

More than 25,000 persons engaged in R&D

According to provisional data, 25,175 persons were engaged in R&D in Slovenia in 2020, which is similar to the previous year. In 2020, a similar number of persons were involved in R&D in all sectors of performance compared to the previous year, except in the private non-profit sector, where their number increased by 19%. The total workload of R&D personnel in 2020 was, regardless of the sector of employment, equivalent to work of 15,802 full-time employed persons (which is 7% less than in 2019) and 10,254 full-time employed researchers (which is 2% less than in 2019).
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by sector of performance, Slovenia, 2020
Sector of performanceGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total1,007,4931)
Business sector738,583
Government sector138,591
Higher education sector123,233
Private non-profit sector7,085
1) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source of funds, Slovenia, 2020
Source of fundsGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total1,007,4931)
Business enterprises490,769
Government252,570
Higher education7,490
Private non-profit organisations8,529
Abroad248,135
1) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Total R&D personnel1) by sector of employment, Slovenia, 2020
Sector of employmentTotal R&D personnelResearchersTotal R&D personnelResearchers
numberFTE
Total 25,175 16,325 15,8022) 10,254
Business sector15,7119,09410,2796,224
Government sector3,3222,3192,6371,773
Higher education sector5,8644,7092,7662,174
Private non-profit sector27720312082
1) Data include both internal and external R&D personnel.
2) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
1 Share of GBARD in GDP is calculated based on the latest available revision of GDP.
2 This decrease of funds for R&D by business enterprises and increase of fund by abroad are mainly due to more consistent use of the methodology by reporting units.

Data on R&D for 2020 are provisional; final data will be published on 2 March 2022.
When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.