Waste, Slovenia, 2020

Almost 9% less waste generated in 2020

In 2020, when people were working from home more than ever, the annual amount of waste generated in Slovenia declined. As a result, the amount of municipal waste generated by households went up by 2% and the amount of health care waste by 5%.

  • 21 September 2021 at 10:30
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  • Mojca Žitnik, Peter Petric, Katja Kalin, Marsel Hotić
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Less waste generated in Slovenia

In 2020, 7.7 million tons of all waste was generated in Slovenia, which is almost 9% less than a year earlier. Despite having declined by 11% compared to 2019, with 4.5 million tons construction and demolition waste still represents 59% of total waste generated. This waste is followed by municipal waste with 13% and waste from thermal processes with 12%. As expected, the amount of waste demanding special treatment in collection and removal to prevent the spread of infection increased in 2020 by 37%.

Less waste both in production and service activities

A decline in waste compared to 2019 was detected both in production (by 4%) and in service activities (by 13%). The decline was the largest in financial and insurance activities (NACE activity K) with 66%, followed by education (M) with 25%, transportation and storage (H) with 23% and wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G) with 11%. On the other hand, increase compared to 2019 was recorded in real estate activities (L) and in information and communication (J). In both cases, the increase was on account of construction and demolition waste, which in 2020 repressed around 99% of waste generated in these activities.
With 138,000 tons, hazardous waste represents almost 2% of total waste generated in Slovenia in 2020. The amount of hazardous waste decreased by 5% compared to 2019. Most hazardous waste was from organic chemical processes and from thermal processes (17% each) and from end-of-live vehicles, batteries and accumulators (16%).

More municipal waste generated by households

Despite the lower amount of municipal waste generated in 2020 (by almost 4%), as expected regarding the situation in 2020, the amount of municipal waste generated by households increased by almost 2% compared to 2019.
A resident of Slovenia generated on average 489 kilograms of municipal waste in 2020, which was 21 kilograms less than in 2019. Most municipal waste per person (642 kg) was generated in the Savinjska statistical region, followed by Osrednjeslovenska with 553 kg and Goriška with 502 kg. The least municipal waste per person (317 kg) was generated in the Koroška statistical region.

Of the total amount of municipal waste generated in 2020 in Slovenia, just over 741,000 tons or 72.2% was collected separately. The share of municipal waste collected separately was the highest in the Savinjska statistical region (81%) and the lowest in the Obalno-kraška statistical region (57%). In the Osrednjeslovenska statistical region, 77% of municipal waste was collected separately.

Less waste recycled

In 2020, 6.8 million tons of waste was recovered through final recovery processes, which is 9% less than in 2019. The amount of waste used for backfilling decreased by 10% and the amount of recycled waste by 7%.
In 2020, mineral wastes were recycled the most (55%), followed by metallic wastes (20%), paper and cardboard wastes (8%), animal and vegetal wastes (7%) and wood wastes (2%). Other types of waste were recycled in smaller amounts.

More waste disposed

In 2020, about 386,000 tons of all types of waste were disposed of in Slovenia, which is almost the same amount as a year earlier. However, compared to 2019, 5% more waste was landfilled: 89% of this amount was landfilled on municipal waste landfill sites, 9% on industrial waste landfill sites and 2% on hazardous waste landfill sites. The waste that was landfilled was predominantly mixed fractions of municipal waste and residues after mechanical and biological treatment of waste (57% in total), followed by construction and demolition waste (20%) and waste from pulp and paper production and processing (9%). Other types of waste were disposed of in smaller amounts.

Less waste imported and exported

Compared to 2019, 8% less waste was imported to Slovenia, while waste exports were only 0.6% lower.
Most waste (89%) was exported to EU Member States, of which 75% to our neighbouring countries. Among non-EU countries, most waste was exported to Turkey (47% of exports to non-EU countries and 5% of total exports). Almost three quarters of waste was imported from our neighbouring countries, followed by Germany with 12% and Czechia with 6%. As regards non-EU countries, we imported most waste (58%) from Bosnia and Herzegovina, followed by Serbia with 31%.
In 2020, too, most of the imported and exported wastes were metallic wastes (almost half of imported and more than a third of exported waste) and paper and cardboard wastes (over 13% of imports and exports).

Tables with the latest data are available in the SiStat Database.
Types of recycled waste, Slovenia, 2020
Types of recycled waste, Slovenia, 2020
Source: SURS
Waste stream, Slovenia
20192020 2020
Total waste generated8,413,8587,669,11191
… of this municipal waste1,064,3211,026,01096
Import of waste 1,080,486991,75792
Recovery of waste7,435,1246,758,64491
… of this recycled3,448,2973,193,22093
… of this used for backfilling 3,760,2963,374,02590
Disposal of waste387,619386,220100
… of this landfilled169,049177,024105
Export of waste1,132,8161,125,79899
Source: SURS
Note: Recovery and disposal of waste includes amounts of waste treated by final operations.
When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.