International Youth Day
Since 1991, the share of young people has decreased from 22.5% to 14.7%.
The majority of the young in Slovenia are involved in education. Their earnings are, on average, about a third lower than those of all the earnings recipients combined. The at-risk-of-poverty rate is slightly (by 2.5 percentage points) lower than that of the general population.
In Slovenia, in the last 3 decades – these namely coincide with the independence of Slovenia, gained in 1991 – the share of the young has decreased. At the 1991 census, the young aged 15–29 numbered 429,800, while at the beginning of 2021 there were 310,600 of those aged 15–29. Since 1991, the share of the young in the population has dropped from 22.5% to 14.7%.
The young are taking education seriously
In the school year 2020/21, slightly over 2,000 pupils aged 15–29 attended primary school, 73,800 attended secondary school and 64,200 were university students. If we were to add to these also the 17,400 who were included in adult education in the school year 2019/20, slightly over half (50.7%) of the entire population of Slovenia aged 15–29 would be included in formal education.
Since 1991, involvement in education increased. In the school year 2020/21, slightly over 96% of all youth aged 15–18 attended secondary schools. Just under 58% of those aged 19–23 were active at the university, which is 35 percentage points more than almost 30 years ago. As a result, the level of education of the young has increased; data for 2020 indicate that 40% of the young aged 26–29 completed a higher education, which is 26 percentage points more than in 1991.
The percentage of the young not in education in EU-27
The majority of young people in Slovenia aged 18–24 are committed to education. In 2020, 4.1% of people in Slovenia of this age group were without education or had completed at most primary school and were not included in education or training. The share of such youth within the EU-27 was in 2020 lower only in Croatia (2.2%) and Greece (3.8%). The EU-27 average of those aged 18–24, yet not in education was 9.9%.
The average monthly gross earnings of the young is bellow the average
According to structural statistics on wages in 2019, the average monthly gross earnings of the young aged 15–24 amounted to EUR 1,245 gross; the earnings amounted to approximately two thirds of the average monthly gross earnings of all persons in paid employment in Slovenia. The average monthly gross earnings of the young aged 25–34 amounted to EUR 1,564 gross, which represents approximately five sixths of the average monthly gross earnings of all persons in paid employment in Slovenia. In other words, the young aged 25–34 received in 2019 average annual gross earnings that were lower by approximately two average monthly Slovenian gross salaries, and the young aged 15–24 received annual earnings that were by approximately four average monthly gross earnings lower than the average annual earnings of all employed persons in Slovenia.
In May 2021, according to the calculations of the Employment Service of Slovenia, the registered unemployment rate in Slovenia was 7.7%. Among the young active population aged 15–24, 13.8% were registered as unemployed, which is 6 percentage points above the average of the total population. The registered unemployment rate of 25- to 29-year olds was closer to the total population (8.5%). The registered unemployment rates among the young for both here stated age groups were highest in the Pomurje statistical region (23.8% and 11.9%) and in the Podravska statistical region (18.7% and 11.3%). The Goriška region (8.7%) and the Gorenjska region (9.5%) had the lowest registered unemployment rates among those aged 15–24, while the Gorenjska region (6.1%) and the Primorsko-Notranjska region (6.5%) had the lowest registered unemployment rates among the young aged 25–29.
The risk of poverty affects over 250,000 residents of Slovenia
Unemployment is often associated with the risk of poverty and social exclusion, to which International Youth Day is paying attention in 2021. In 2020, every eighth resident in Slovenia (12.4% of the population) lived in a household with an income below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold – this was approximately 254,000 inhabitants. Among the young, the at-risk-of-poverty rate was slightly lower in 2020 (9.9%). About 16,000 men and 14,000 women aged 15–29 were at risk of poverty. In the European Union in 2019, Slovenia ranked fourth with the at-risk-of-poverty rate of 12.0%, with only the Czech Republic (10.1%), Finland (11.6%) and Slovakia (11.9%) having a lower rate. The EU-27 average rate of being at-risk-of-poverty in 2019 was 16.5%.
In Slovenia, over 250,000 people face being at-risk-of-poverty
In addition to people living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, there are those at risk of social exclusion. This group comprises also those who are seriously disadvantaged or live in very low-intensity households. In total, 309,000 people (15%) in Slovenia were exposed to the risk of social exclusion in 2020. The young aged 15–29 were slightly less exposed to this risk – just under 13%. In 2019, Slovenia ranked second in the European Union with a level of risk of social exclusion of 14.4%, with only the Czech Republic having a lower level, 12.5%. The EU-27 average of social-exclusion rates in 2019 was 20.9%.
The young are by far the biggest users of public transport
This year's International Youth Day, as part of the 2030 Agenda, also pays attention to reducing global warming, which is also influenced by an individual's choice of mode of transport. According to the 2017 survey on daily mobility, the population of Slovenia (aged 15–84) covered two thirds of their trips by car. Of these, only about a fifth travelled as a passenger. Among the young (15–25 years), half of the trips were made by car, of which 43% as a passenger. The young (aged 15–25 ) travel by public transport to a much greater extent than the population aged 26+. In this way, they cover (by a third) more kilometres in one year than all the older age groups (26–84 years) combined.