Demographic events, Slovenia, 2020

In 2020, fewer births, more deaths, more immigrants, more emigrants, fewer marriages and fewer divorces

The COVID-19 epidemic affected demographic statistics in Slovenia in 2020: natural increase was markedly negative (−5,249) due to increased mortality, while the measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 caused an increase in internal migration and a decrease in marriages and divorces.

  • 23 July 2021 at 10:30
  • |
  • final data



Natural increase recorded only in the third quarter

In 2020, Slovenia recorded the largest natural decrease since 1945: −5,249 or −2.5 per 1,000 population.
Such a large natural decrease was mainly the result of the above-average mortality in November and December, when Slovenia was hit by the second wave of the COVID-19 epidemic.

In 2020, 24,016 people died, almost 3,800 more than the average between 2015 and 2019. Excess mortality was the highest in the fourth quarter: at that time, 66% more people died than on average in the fourth quarters between 2015 and 2019. In the last quarter of 2020, natural decrease was −3,955 (or −7.5 per 1,000 population).

Natural increase was recorded only in the third quarter. This was also the quarter when most children were born: 5,141. In total, 18,767 children were born 2020, 3% fewer than in 2019.

In 2020, fewer marriages and divorces than in 2019

In 2020, 5,214 couples were married or 22% fewer than in 2019. Most couples were married in August (1,009).

There were 1,774 divorces in 2020 or 28% fewer than in 2019. The number of divorces was the highest in the third quarter (557).

Net migration positive in all quarters

Net migration was positive in all quarters. It was the highest in the third quarter when 11,071 more residents immigrated to Slovenia than emigrated from it.

Most, 31%, internal migrations, i.e. changes of the settlement of residence within Slovenia, were recorded in the fourth quarter of 2020. In total, 42% more internal migrations were recorded in 2020 than in 2019.

The increase in internal migration in 2020 was largely due to the measures to contain the spread of COVID-19. Many people chose to change their official residence (most often they registered temporary residence in another municipality) when movement between municipalities was restricted in the second and fourth quarters of 2020. Statistically, these were recorded as internal migrations.

Demographic events, Slovenia, 2020
TotalI–IIIIV–VIVII–IXX–XII
Live births18,7674,4534,6925,1414,481
Deaths24,0165,7344,9694,8778,436
Natural increase-5,249-1,281-277264-3,955
Immigrants from abroad36,1107,3616,67315,5146,562
Emigrants to abroad17,7454,7463,4654,4435,091
Net migration18,3652,6153,20811,0711,471
Total increase13,1161,3342,93111,335-2,484
Marriages5,2146291,1902,684711
Divorces1,774459360557398
Internal migration140,22329,22735,60032,20643,190
Source: SURS
Demographic indicators, Slovenia, 2020
TotalI–IIIIV–VIVII–IXX–XII
Per 1,000 population
Live births8.98.59.09.78.4
Deaths11.411.09.59.215.9
Natural increase1)-2.5-2.5-0.50.5-7.5
Immigrants from abroad17.214.112.829.312.4
Emigrants to abroad8.49.16.68.49.6
Net migration1)8.75.06.120.92.8
Total increase1)6.22.65.621.4-4.7
Marriages2.51.22.35.11.3
Divorces0.80.90.71.10.8
1) The values are calculated from absolute data and are due to rounding not always equal to the sum/difference of corresponding indicators.
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
The high number of immigrants (especially citizens of Slovenia) in the third quarter of 2020 is mostly due to administrative changes in the register in accordance with the Residence Registration Act (OJ RS, No. 52/16). More information is available in the first release Population, Slovenia, 1 October 2020.
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