Labour Force Survey Results, Slovenia, 1st quarter 2021

The ILO unemployment rate at 5.6% in the 1st quarter of 2021

In the 1st quarter of 2021, there were 56,000 unemployed and 928,000 employed persons in Slovenia. About a quarter was working from home. There were more men than women among the employed.

  • 28 May 2021 at 10:30
  • |
  • final data
In the 1st quarter of 2021, 56,000 persons were unemployed in Slovenia. The unemployment rate was 5.6%, half of a percentage point higher than in the previous quarter.

928,000 residents of the private households in Slovenia were employed. Their number decreased by just under 6% compared to the previous quarters. In addition to the situation on the labour market, the decrease was also a consequence of the numerous persons who were temporarily laid off. Those whose duration of the layoff was longer than 3 months or was expected to be longer than 3 months are now excluded from the total number of employed persons. They are either included in the category of unemployed (if they were actively seeking work) or in the group of inactive persons.

84% of employed persons were working as employees in labour relation, 12% were self-employed, 2% were student workers and 2% were working in other forms of work or as contributing family workers. Among all employed persons 55% were men and 45% were women. The share is exactly the opposite among the unemployed.

The employment rate in the age group of 20–64-year-olds was 72.9% in the first quarter of 2021. The share of employed men in this age group was by almost 7 p.p. higher than the share of employed women. 

Working from home and the flexibility of work
In the first quarter of 2021, just under a quarter of all employed persons usually or sometimes worked from home. Additionally, the flexibility of work could also be measured by the influence of employees or self-employed on the deciding about the start and end of their working time. About 5% of employees were able to decide on their working time freely, just under 20% could decide on their working time under the flexible working time arrangements within their company or institution, while three quarters of employees were unable to decide on their working time. It is the exact opposite among the self-employed, where three quarters could decide on their working time by themselves, while for a quarter of the self-employed the working time was decided by their clients or others.
The Slovenian Labour Force Survey has a revised questionnaire and methodology valid from the first quarter of 2021. The majority of changes are consequences of the new Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 October 2019 establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples, together with its implementing and delegated acts.
Key changes (which also have consequence on the disseminated statistics) include new definitions of the target population, household and employed persons.
The target population are all residents of Slovenia residing in the private households (until 2020 the target population were all Slovenian residents). A household is any community (with family or other relations) of persons who live and eat together and use their income to cover basic living needs. In the revised definition, also students who do not live in their primary household are considered to be in the household if they are economically dependent on this household.
Employed persons are persons aged 15–89 who during the reference week did any work for pay or profit (in cash or kind) or family gain for at least one hour, including contributing family workers. Persons who were not working but had a job from which they were temporarily absent are also considered employed. Absences include holidays, annual, sick, parental and maternity leave, education or training connected to the job. Seasonal workers absent due to off-season time but performing any kind of work linked to their seasonal work are also listed among employed persons. The same goes for those absent due to other reasons or lay-off if the total duration of absence is 3 months or less.

Additional explanations are available in the updated Methodological explanations.
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