Agricultural census, Slovenia, 2020
First data of Agricultural Census, Slovenia, 2020
According to first provisional data of the Agricultural Census 2020, there were more than 67,900 agricultural holdings in Slovenia. Each utilizes on average 7.0 hectares of agricultural area and breeds 6.0 livestock units (LSU), which is more than ten years ago.
According to first provisional data of the Agricultural Census 2020, there were 67,927 agricultural holdings in Slovenia, which is 9% fewer than in 2010 (74,646) and 21% fewer than in 2000 (86,467).
An average agricultural holding in Slovenia is larger than ten years ago
An agricultural holding in Slovenia in 2020 on average utilized 7.0 hectares of agricultural area and bred 6.0 livestock units (LSU). That is on average 0.6 hectares of utilized agricultural area (UAA) and 0.4 LSU more than ten years ago, and 1.4 hectares of UAA and 0.6 LSU more than twenty years ago.
Agricultural holdings with 20 hectares or more UAA represented only 6% of all agricultural holdings in 2020, but they utilized 34% of total UAA in the country. On the other hand, agricultural holdings with less than 3 hectares represented 38% of all holdings, but utilized only 9% of total UAA. The middle size class with at least 3 hectares and less than 20 hectares of UAA accounted for 55% of all agricultural holdings and 57% of total UAA.
There was a noticeable shift in size class distribution in 2020 compared to 2010. The number of agricultural holdings without UAA and holdings with 20 hectares of UAA or more went up. In the other two classes, the number of holdings went down.
On average in terms of UAA, in 2020 agricultural holdings were the largest in Pomurska and Primorsko-notranjska statistical regions (9.0 and 8.6 hectares of UAA per agricultural holding that had UAA, respectively). They were the smallest in the Obalno-kraška statistical region with 4.5 hectares of UAA (per agricultural holding that had UAA).
Utilized agricultural area on agricultural holdings stagnates
The area of UAA together with common land in 2020 (482,359 hectares) was approximately the same as in 2010 (482,653 hectares). The area of UAA excluding common land was also approximately the same as a decade ago (474,432 hectares in 2010 and 474,196 hectares in 2020).
Compared to 2010, the area of arable land increased by 3% (from 170,144 to 176,092 hectares), while the area of permanent grassland decreased by 2% (from 277,492 to 271,136 hectares). The area of permanent crops changed (increased) less than one percent (26,796 hectares in 2010 and 26,969 hectares in 2020).
Total UAA consisted of mainly permanent grasslands (57% or 271,136 hectares), followed by arable land (37% or 176,092 hectares) and permanent crops (6% or 26,969 hectares).
UAA represented the highest proportion of total area in Pomurska, Podravska and Posavska statistical regions (more than 30% of total area was UAA). The proportion was the lowest in Gorenjska, Goriška and Obalno-kraška regions, where UAA represented less than 15% of total area.
Animal production on agricultural holdings is decreasing
In 2020, animal production on agricultural holdings decreased by 3% compared to 2010 (from 421,553 to 408,683 LSU in total). The number of agricultural holdings with animal production dropped by 23% in the last decade (from 58.648 in 2010 to 44.974 in 2020). The percentage of agricultural holdings with animal production dropped from 79% to 66%.
In size classes with less than 20 LSU, both the number of agricultural holdings and the total number of LSU decreased in 2020 compared to 2010. In the size class 20 or more LSU, the number of agricultural holdings increased by 4% and the total number of LSU by 17% in the last decade.
The proportion of agricultural holdings with animal production in 2020 was the highest in Koroška and Savinjska statistical regions (over 80% of holdings had animals). The average number of LSU per agricultural holding with animal production was the highest in Gorenjska and Podravska statistical regions (12.0 and 11.0 LSU, respectively).
Total number of cattle bred on agricultural holdings increased by less than one percent in 2020 compared to 2010 (472,333 in 2010 and 476,382 in 2020). Compared to 2010, the number of poultry bred on agricultural holdings increased significantly (by 44%, from 4,900,990 in 2010 to 7,042,543 in 2020). The number of pigs, sheep and goats decreased compared to 2010 (pigs by 38%, from 382,031 to 235,473, sheep by 17% from 137,737 to 114,365 and goats by 21% from 34,864 to 27,385).
In all of the above cases, the number of agricultural holdings breeding individual animal categories also decreased in the last decade. In the case of breeding cattle by 21% (from 36,119 to 28,485), poultry by 25% (from 36.240 to 27.015), pigs by 54% (from 26.441 to 12.198), sheep by 19% (from 6.181 to 5.016) and goats by 20% (from 4.214 to 3.374).
Utilized agricultural area (UAA) on agricultural holdings, Slovenia
1) Provisional data
Livestock on agricultural holdings, Slovenia
1) Provisional data
Agricultural holdings by utilized agricultural area (UAA) size class, Slovenia
1) Provisional data
Agricultural holdings by livestock unit (LSU) size class, Slovenia
1) Provisional data
First provisional data on Agricultural Census 2020 published in this release are comparable with the data form previous Farm Structure Surveys (2003, 2005, 2007, 2013 and 2016) and Agricultural Censuses 2000 and 2010.
Detailed provisional data will be published on 13 October 2021. Final data on Agricultural Census 2020 will be published by the end of March 2022.
The Agricultural Census is co-financed by the European Union, which is also determined by Regulation (EU) No 2018/1091.