Research and Development Activity, Slovenia, 2019

Slovenia allocated nearly EUR 990 million for research and development (R&D) in 2019

Provisional data show that gross domestic expenditure on R&D in 2019 amounted to EUR 989.3 million, which is 10.8% more than in 2018.

  • 5 November 2020 at 10:30
  • |
  • provisional data

R&D investments record high
According to provisional data, gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in Slovenia in 2019 reached a record high of EUR 989.3 million, which is 10.8% more than in 2018 and 5.8% more than in the best year ever up to now (2013). This is the second consecutive increase by more than EUR 90 million in nominal terms and by more than 10% in relative terms. The share of GERD in GDP1 in 2019, according to provisional data, stood at 2.0%.

Business enterprise sector spent 73.8% of R&D funds
The largest part of R&D funds in 2019 was as in the previous years spent in the business enterprise sector. According to provisional data, its expenditure on R&D in 2019 amounted to EUR 729.8 million, which is 73.8% of GERD or 1.5% of GDP in 2019. The rest of GERD was spent by other sectors: 13.8% by government, 11.8% by higher education and 0.6% by private non-profit. Compared to 2018, expenditure on R&D in 2019 increased in all sectors of performance, in absolute terms the most in the business enterprise sector (by EUR 67.4 million) and relatively the most in the private non-profit sector (by 103.6%).2

Business enterprises provided 61.4% of R&D funds
As in the previous years, business enterprises provided the biggest financial support for R&D, according to provisional data EUR 607.8 million, which is 61.4% of GERD, followed by the government (24.8%) and the rest of the world (13.3%), while higher education and private non-profit organizations together funded half percent of GERD. The structure of financial resources for R&D in 2019 was almost the same as in 2018. In absolute terms R&D funding in 2019 compared to 2018 increased the most by business enterprises (by EUR 49.1 million) and relatively the most by the government (by 15.8%).

More than 25,000 persons engaged in R&D
In 2019, 25,072 persons were engaged in R&D in Slovenia, which is 6.1% more than in 2018. Compared to 2018, more persons were involved in R&D in 2019 in all sectors of employment, except in higher education, where a 2.2% decrease was recorded.3 The total workload of R&D personnel in 2019 was record high and equivalent to work of 16,984 full-time employed persons, which is by 8.3% more than in 2018, in the most work-intensive year so far. As in the previous years, in 2019, researchers, followed by technical personnel (26.4%) and other supporting staff (11.8%), performed the leading share, namely 61.8%, of R&D workload. 

1 Share of GBARD in GDP is calculated based on the latest available revision of GDP.
2 The relative increase in the private non-profit sector's R&D expenditure in 2019 was the result of new units that were reclassified from the business enterprise sector to the private non-profit sector (as their institutional sector code according to SKIS in 2019 changed).
3 The decline in R&D personnel, expressed in head counts, in the higher education sector was mostly due to more consistent use of the methodology by data providers (i.e. more consisten application of the rule requiring the exclusion of persons involved in R&D for less than 10% of their working time).

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by sector of performance, Slovenia, 2019
Sector of performanceGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total989,2561)
Business sector729,814
Government sector136,638
Higher education sector116,736
Private non-profit sector6,069
1) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source of funds, Slovenia, 2019
Source of fundsGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total989,2561)
Business enterprises607,771
Government244,977
Higher education4,662
Private non-profit organisations339
Abroad131,506
1) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Total R&D personnel1 by sector of employment, Slovenia, 2019
Sector of employmentTotal R&D personnelResearchersTotal R&D personnelResearchers
numberFTE
Total25,07215,92316,9842)10,502
Business sector15,7948,77611,3276,378
Government sector3,3172,3222,6641,778
Higher education sector5,7294,6582,8882,277
Private non-profit sector23216710669
1) Data include both internal and external R&D personnel.
2) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
Data on R&D for 2019 are provisional; final data will be published on 2 March 2021.
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