Cultural activities on the stage, Slovenia, 2019

In 2019, cultural institutions prepared on their stages almost 25,000 performances, on average 68 per day

In 2019, houses of culture, theatres and music institutions prepared 24,914 performances, which were attended by around 4.5 million visitors.

  • 11 September 2020 at 10:30
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  • final data

Almost a third of all events staged in theatres

In 2019, cultural institutions performed 24,914 events (premieres and repeats) on their stages: half of the events were the result of their own production and co-production and the remaining were hosted events. As expected, most  (73%) events were performed in houses of culture and cultural centers, 26% in theatres and both operas, whereas music institutions, which mostly had their own performances elsewhere, produced the remaining one percent of all events.

The largest number of events (30.6%) were theatrical performances (i.e. drama and other theatre works, puppet and experimental theatre performances), followed by film and video productions (22.8%), music related events (22.5% - among these choral and vocal music was at the top, followed by folklore, modern dance, symphonic and chamber music, rock and urban music, etc.), lectures and round tables, museums and other exhibitions of visual art, etc.

Tours made outside the headquarters of their cultural institutions (including those without own floor area for performances) were the most frequent in Slovenia (87.9% or 6,815 events), 754 were hosted throughout the European Union and 189 outside the EU. According to the type of institution (houses of culture, theatre and opera or musical institution), tours made outside their headquarters were mostly held by houses of culture (44.8%), followed by theatres and operas (38.4%) and music institutions (16.8%).

Over 4.45 million visitors

All performances were attended by 4,453,642 visitors, thus each event was attended on average by 179. A detailed overview of performances by type of performances – the set includes 22 different types of performances and the category "other" – showed for 2019 the following:

  • Of all events, most were film and video projections (23%), followed by drama and other theatrical works (19%) and category “other” (12%), followed by puppet performances (10%), while the fewest were events of contemporary and composed music (160 concerts in the whole year).
  •   Among the events of own production and co-production, most were drama and other theatrical works (25%), followed by puppet performances and film and video projections (12% each).
  • Among the performances on tours of other institutions, the most numerous were film and video screenings (34%), followed by the category »other« (17%) and drama and other theatrical works (14%).
  • The most attended were drama and other theatrical works (about 21% or around 925,000 visitors) and the least attended were performances of experimental theatres (about 19,000 visitors).
  • The highest number of visitors, if we count the number of visitors per performance and by type, was at the concerts of popular music and chanson (an average of 586), slightly smaller was attendance at  operas and musicals (510 visitors), balet (480), etc.; the fewest, on average 53 visitors, attended film and video performances; a cultural event on stage, i.e. regardless of the type of event, was watched in 2019 by an average of 179 visitors.
Some cultural institutions offered also free-of-charge events to visitors, namely 21% or 5,357 in 2019, mostly in houses of culture. With paid events, however, the institutions earned around EUR 16.3 million; the average ticket price for a performance was EUR 10: in houses of culture EUR 9.60, in theatre EUR 10.60 and in music institutions EUR 13.70.


In 2019, cultural institutions organized 237 festivals, which featured 4,608 events. The majority of them were music and dance festivals (108), 36 were theatre festivals and 23 film festivals, while the remaining 70 of festivals – i.e. half of all festival performances – were classified by cultural institutions as "other". Houses of culture and cultural centres prepared the majority of festivals (192).

Educational program and other activities

In 2019, cultural institutions prepared 5,807 educational events, seminars, workshops, etc. More than 528,000 people attended these activities, of whom 81.4% were children and youth. In the offered educational program, the majority of programs were on the topic of theatre and puppet theatre (1,297), followed by music activity (1,063) and art and museum activities (933).

In addition to educational activities, cultural institutions held also a congress or similar activity in 2019 (25 institutions), had a book and art shop (44), issued their own publications (41), had a restaurant or a snack bar (27), offered the premises for rent (72), or performed other activities (38).

Staff in cultural institutions
In 2019, these institutions employed 2,618 persons and there were 13,319 external associates as well.  17% of all persons employed were aged under 35 and most of them (95%) were full-time employees. Among external associates the largest share were voluntary, unpaid workers (28.5%), followed by associates with contracts for copyrighted work (23.4%), the self-employed in culture (21.2%), students (13.7%), etc. In comparison with previous years the situation in 2019 remained roughly the same.

Access for the physically, visually and hearing impaired

Among cultural institutions that had their own premises for performing cultural activities, 61% had access arranged for physically impaired persons, and 31% had it partly arranged. The access of visually and hearing impaired persons was arranged only in 16% of these institutions, and partly arranged in 32%; these persons were completely ignored in the remaining 52% of cultural institutions.

Financing of institutions perforing their activity on the stage 

The breakdown of revenues of houses of culture, theatres and music institutions – in total EUR 142.1 million in 2019 – was: 77.3% from public resources, 20.5% from own resources from cultural and other activities, and 2.2% from sponsors from Slovenia and other countries. As regards public resources, cultural institutions received most revenues from the state budget (57.8% of total revenues).

The total expenditure of these cultural institutions in 2019 amounted to EUR 140.7 million. Institutions spent 67.3% of the costs as labour costs and for external associates; 25.6% of the total costs was spent on performing cultural activities, 2.2% on investments and the remaining 4.8% on operating expenses related to performing cultural activities.

Performances, Slovenia, 2019
Performances, Slovenia, 2019
Source: SURS
Performances, attendance productions, Slovenia
Performances (premieres and repeats) - total22,02525,10924,914
  own productions, incl. co-productions11,27411,56712,495
  on tours of other institutions10,75113,54212,420
  free of charge performances4,8374,7535,357
New productions - total6,4406,3656,711
  in co-production with domestic co-producers3,8573,3033,663
  in co-production with foreign co-producers737621681
All productions - total12,05710,32111,682
  Slovene works only5,5235,0895,684
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Tours of own performances, Slovenia
  in Slovenia5,8406,4166,815
  in the EU649984754
  in other countries (excl. the EU)157275189
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Festivals and performances, Slovenia
  music and dancing1131161088751,1871,040
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Employees and external associates, Slovenia
Employees - total2,4662,6732,618
  less than 35 years old393419449
  full-time jobs2,3232,5382,483
  part-time jobs143135135
External associates - total11,54013,46513,319
  self-employed professionals in culture1,9622,4262,821
  sole proprietors9941,3311,363
  agency workers10112858
  workers of limited liability companies88259186
  under a work contract105165157
  under a contract for a copyrighted work2,9793,3263,118
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Revenues and expenditures of museums and galleries (EUR), Slovenia
Revenues - total125,977,783142,724,266142,074,324
  public resources95,652,093107,833,062109,842,680
  own resources 26,711,07731,411,93529,065,535
  resources from sponsors and donators3,614,6133,479,2693,166,110
Expenditure - total125,467,470142,640,647140,720,290
  labour costs for employees and for external associates80,714,89292,328,27794,735,738
  direct and general expenditures for cultural activity36,273,55641,193,15336,054,150
  investment costs3,356,8393,292,2043,155,022
  other cost for cultural activit5,122,1835,827,0136,775,379
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
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