Expenditure and receipts of social protection schemes and pension beneficiaries, Slovenia, 2018
Total expenditure on social protection, standing at almost a quarter of GDP, up in 2018
EUR 10,092 million was spent on social protection schemes in Slovenia in 2018. Most of it was spent on old age and on sickness and health care. In the structure of receipts, social contributions represent an increasing share.
In 2018, the order of functions for which the largest share of GDP was spent (around 18%) was the same as a year before, with slightly different shares. Namely: old age (9.1%; 0.1 p.p. lower GDP share than in the previous year), sickness and health care (7.3%; 0.3 p.p. lower GDP share than in the previous year) and family and children (1.8%; the same share).
The highest share, as much as three quarters, was spent on the old age function and the sickness and health care function
In 2018, the greatest amount (i.e. EUR 4,142 million or almost 42% of total expenditure for social benefits) was spent on the elderly, namely the old age function. The old age function was followed by the sickness and health care function with EUR 3,351 million or a third of total expenditure. The third highest expenditure group was family and children function, which amounted to EUR 830 million, followed by survivors’ and disability functions. In total about 6% was spent on the social exclusion not elsewhere classified, unemployment and housing (subsidies for housing rent).
In the total structure of social protection expenditure, in 2018 the share for the family and children function notably higher
Compared to the previous year, in 2018 expenditure grew for these functions: family and children (by 4.7%), old age (by 4.4%), sickness and health care (by 3.0%), survivors' (by 1.8%) and housing (by 10.0%). On the other hand, expenditure for the unemployment function slightly decreased (by 0.9%), while for disability it stayed about the same.
In the structure of receipts, social contributions represent an increasing share
In 2018, social contributions amounted to EUR 7,172 million or slightly less than three quarters of receipts for social protection schemes. The largest part of those was social contributions of the insured persons (EUR 4,313 million or 43.4%), followed by social contributions of the employers (EUR 2,859 million or 28.7%). Both shares together increased compared to the previous year (the share has been increasing in recent years), mainly as a result of the decrease in general government contributions (from EUR 2,782 million to EUR 2,735 million or by 1.5 p.p. as a share).
Slightly more pension beneficiaries than in 2017
In accordance with the European ESSPROS methodology, the number of pension beneficiaries in 2018 was 644,136 or 0.7% more than in the previous year. In the context of individual pension categories, the number of beneficiaries of old age pensions and survivors’ pensions increased over the previous year (by 1.6% and 0.1%, respectively), while the number of beneficiaries of disability pensions decreased (by 6.9%).
Expenditure and receipts of social protection schemes, Slovenia
1) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Expenditure for social benefits by social protection functions (risks), Slovenia
1) Expenditure for social protection as percentage of GDP is calculated on the basis of the last available data on GDP (First Release; 30 August 2019; https://www.stat.si/statweb/News/Index/8322).
2) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Pension beneficiaries1), Slovenia
1) Data are in accordance with the European methodology ESSPROS.
2) Within this category the beneficiary is counted only once even if it can receive both right at the same time (so, if beneficiary receives the old age pension and widows' part, he/she is counted only within old age pension category). It is not the sum of individual pension categories as beneficiary can receive more than one pension.
3) Survivors' category includes family, widows' and part of widows' pensions.
1. Data on the number of pension beneficiaries represent an additional module within the ESSPROS methodology. For the module the same methodological rules apply as for the core system (especially concerning the old age function and classifying into a certain function of social protection or in this case a pension category), except that this module does not include all programs, but only those which relate to pensions, i.e. programs 5 to 18. It should also be mentioned that the figures shown in this module do not correspond to the national pension categories because the coverage here is broader and there are other methodological features.
2. Final and more detailed data will be available in November 2020.