Expenditure and receipts of social protection schemes and pension beneficiaries, Slovenia, 2018

Total expenditure on social protection, standing at almost a quarter of GDP, up in 2018

EUR 10,092 million was spent on social protection schemes in Slovenia in 2018. Most of it was spent on old age and on sickness and health care. In the structure of receipts, social contributions represent an increasing share.

  • 7/23/2020
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In 2018, total expenditure for social protection for the first time exceeded EUR 10 billion

EUR 10,092 million was spent on social protection schemes in Slovenia in 2018, which is 3.7% more than in 2017. The increase in total expenditure was marked the most by higher expenditure in the old age function, the sickness and health care function, and the family and children function.

In 2018, too, almost a quarter of GDP for social protection

In 2018, 21.7% of GDP was spent on social protection, which is 0.6 of a percentage point less than in 2017. Despite nominal growth of social protection expenditure in 2018, its share in GDP decreased mainly due to higher nominal growth of GDP.

In 2018, the order of functions for which the largest share of GDP was spent (around 18%) was the same as a year before, with slightly different shares. Namely: old age (9.1%; 0.1 p.p. lower GDP share than in the previous year), sickness and health care (7.3%; 0.3 p.p. lower GDP share than in the previous year) and family and children (1.8%; the same share).

The highest share, as much as three quarters, was spent on the old age function and the sickness and health care function

In 2018, the greatest amount (i.e. EUR 4,142 million or almost 42% of total expenditure for social benefits) was spent on the elderly, namely the old age function. The old age function was followed by the sickness and health care function with EUR 3,351 million or a third of total expenditure. The third highest expenditure group was family and children function, which amounted to EUR 830 million, followed by survivors’ and disability functions. In total about 6% was spent on the social exclusion not elsewhere classified, unemployment and housing (subsidies for housing rent).

In the total structure of social protection expenditure, in 2018 the share for the family and children function notably higher

Compared to the previous year, in 2018 expenditure grew for these functions: family and children (by 4.7%), old age (by 4.4%), sickness and health care (by 3.0%), survivors' (by 1.8%) and housing (by 10.0%). On the other hand, expenditure for the unemployment function slightly decreased (by 0.9%), while for disability it stayed about the same. 

In the structure of receipts, social contributions represent an increasing share

In 2018, social contributions amounted to EUR 7,172 million or slightly less than three quarters of receipts for social protection schemes. The largest part of those was social contributions of the insured persons (EUR 4,313 million or 43.4%), followed by social contributions of the employers (EUR 2,859 million or 28.7%). Both shares together increased compared to the previous year (the share has been increasing in recent years), mainly as a result of the decrease in general government contributions (from EUR 2,782 million to EUR 2,735 million or by 1.5 p.p. as a share).

Slightly more pension beneficiaries than in 2017

In accordance with the European ESSPROS methodology, the number of pension beneficiaries in 2018 was 644,136 or 0.7% more than in the previous year. In the context of individual pension categories, the number of beneficiaries of old age pensions and survivors’ pensions increased over the previous year (by 1.6% and 0.1%, respectively), while the number of beneficiaries of disability pensions decreased (by 6.9%).

Receipts of social protection schemes, Slovenia, 2018
Receipts of social protection schemes, Slovenia, 2018
Source: SURS
Expenditure and receipts of social protection schemes, Slovenia
20172018
mio. EUR
Expenditure - total1)9,72810,092
  social benefits9,5729,925
    cash social benefits6,2196,515
    social benefits in kind3,3543,410
  administration costs145146
  other expenditure1120
Receipts - total1)9,5919,948
  social contributions6,6707,172
    employers' social contributions2,6542,859
    social contributions by the protected persons4,0164,313
  general government contributions2,7822,735
  other receipts13941
1) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Expenditure for social benefits by social protection functions (risks), Slovenia
20172018
mio. EUR%% of GDP1)mio. EUR%% of GDP1)
Total2)9,572100.022.39,925100.021.7
  sickness/health care3,25334.07.63,35133.87.3
  disability4594.81.14614.61.0
  old age3,96941.59.24,14241.79.1
  survivors'5645.91.35745.81.3
  family/children7938.31.88308.41.8
  unemployment2342.40.52322.30.5
  housing100.10.0110.10.0
  social exclusion not elsewhere classified2893.00.73243.30.7
1) Expenditure for social protection as percentage of GDP is calculated on the basis of the last available data on GDP (First Release; 30 August 2019; https://www.stat.si/statweb/News/Index/8322).
2) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Pension beneficiaries1), Slovenia
20172018
Pension beneficiaries
  of old age, disability and survivors' pension 2)639,918644,136
Beneficiaries by individual pension category
  old age523,720531,882
  disability27,17025,305
  survivors'3)150,602150,785
1) Data are in accordance with the European methodology ESSPROS.
2) Within this category the beneficiary is counted only once even if it can receive both right at the same time (so, if beneficiary receives the old age pension and widows' part, he/she is counted only within old age pension category). It is not the sum of individual pension categories as beneficiary can receive more than one pension.
3) Survivors' category includes family, widows' and part of widows' pensions.
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Data on the number of pension beneficiaries represent an additional module within the ESSPROS methodology. For the module the same methodological rules apply as for the core system (especially concerning the old age function and classifying into a certain function of social protection or in this case a pension category), except that this module does not include all programs, but only those which relate to pensions, i.e. programs 5 to 18. It should also be mentioned that the figures shown in this module do not correspond to the national pension categories because the coverage here is broader and there are other methodological features.

2. Final and more detailed data will be available in November 2020.

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