Horticulture census, Slovenia, 2019
In 2019, 54% more main area was intended for market vegetable production than in 2016
In 2019, 30% more producers were engaged in market horticultural production (in addition to vegatable production, other horticultural crops) on 38% larger area than in 2016. The area intended for vegetable production increased the most, by almost 1,000 hectares.
In 2019, most area intended for market horticultural production was in Vzhodna Slovenia cohesion region
With the Census of Horticulture, which is conducted every three years, the Statistical Office collects data on commercial production of strawberries, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants, seedlings of vegetables, strawberries and crops, seeds of fodder plants and vegetables, and herbs, aromatic plants and medicinal plants. A comparison of data on areas intended for market horticulture production by regions reveals major differences compared with data from 2016. The area intended for market horticultural production increased the most in Vzhodna Slovenia cohesion region, which had almost two-thirds of total area in 2019 (2,252 hectares). The area increased almost by half and the number of producers by 36%. In Vzhodna Slovenia, most area was in Pomurska (957 hectares) and Podravska (622 hectares) statistical regions, followed by Posavska (275 hectares), Jugovzhodna Slovenia (187 hectares) and Savinjska (162 hectares). In other statistical regions of Vzhodna Slovenia, production was not that widespread.
In Zahodna Slovenia, by area dominated Osrednjeslovenska (512 hectares) and Gorenjska (400 hectares) statistical regions. More than a quarter of total production was in Goriška (almost 200 hectares) and in Obalno-kraška (126 hectares).
Most area intended for vegetable production
In 2019, 2,826 hectares were intended for vegetable production, which was 81% of total area intended for market horticulture. Compared to 2016, main area increased by 54% and the number of producers by a quarter. An average horticultural producer produced vegetables on 1.8 hectares or 23% more than in 2016. Because due to successive sowing the same area was used several times, the production area intended for horticultural production was 3,488 hectares.
The largest jump recorded in the area planted with root and salad crops
The insight into the structure of horticultural production area reveals that the largest group of vegetables was root crops. Together root crops were cultivated on 1,029 hectares, which is by 131% larger area than in 2016. More than half of this area was sown with turnips for human consumption. In total they were sown on 630 hectares, which is more than five times the area in 2016, when they were cultivated on 116 hectares.
Salad crops was the second most common group of vegetables. Together they were cultivated on 623 hectares. The area sown with chicory doubled compared to 2016. All species of salads were cultivated on 26% larger area than in 2016; on 240 hectares.
An increase in the area was also recorded by pulses for human consumption. The area sown with peas increased by almost seven times. In 2019, peas were cultivated on 73 hectares. String beans were cultivated on 85 hectares, of which 63 hectares or 73% were sown with dwarf varieties.
As regards fruit crops, the area sown with courgettes and squash increased the most. Together they were sown on 174 hectares, or by 143% larger area than in 2016.
Among other vegetables, the area planted with asparagus increased the most, from 50 hectares in 2016 to 164 hectares in 2019. From almost all of the area green asparagus were collected; white asparagus were collected from only 0.9 hectares (around 0.5% of total area).
Production of flowers and ornamental plants in declining
Flowers and ornamental plants were cultivated by 255 producers in 2019. On the reference date of the survey (1 June 2019), 250 producers cultivated flowers and ornamental plants. Together they were cultivated on 97 hectares, which is by 24% smaller area than in 2016. A decrease in the area was detected by almost all categories of flowers and ornamental plants, except by cut flowers. The area intended for producing perennial and woody plants, including ornamental nurseries, decreased the most. In 2019, they were cultivated on 79 hectares.
Market production, Slovenia