Living conditions, Slovenia, 2019

Material capabilities of households are still improving, people even more satisfied with their lives

In 2019 more households found it easy to make ends meet than in 2018. More households could afford a week of holidays and the same proportion could handle unexpected financial expenses. Fewer people were severely materially deprived. People were even more satisfied with their lives.

  • 16 January 2020 at 10:30
  • |
  • provisional data
The households make ends meet more easily

The share of households that had the ability to make ends meet without difficulty (easy, very easy) increased by 2 percentage points (from 17% in 2018 to 19% in 2019). On the other hand, the share of households that made ends meet with difficulty (difficulty, great difficulty) decreased by 4 percentage points (from 24% in 2018 to 20% in 2019). Most households (33%) declared that they had the ability to make ends meet with some difficulty, which was about the same as in previous years.

The number of materially deprived persons has decreased

The severe material deprivation rate was 2.6% in 2019, 1.1 percentage point lower than a year ago. This means that about 52,000 people (74,000 in 2018) were living in households that could not afford at least four of the nine items used as indicators for material deprivation due to lack of financial resources: 1) to pay rent or mortgage, utility bills, loan payments, 2) to keep home adequately warm, 3) to face unexpected expenses in the amount of at-risk-of- poverty threshold (EUR 650 in 2019; EUR 600 in 2018), 4) to eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, 5) a week of holiday away from home, 6) a car, 7) a washing machine, 8) a colour TV, or 9) a telephone.

Fewer households in arrears to pay their financial obligations

The total housing costs, which might include also rent or mortgage repayments, were a heavy burden for 32% of households in 2019, which is 3 percentage points less than in 2018. The total housing costs were not a burden at all for 15% of households, which is a 3 percentage points higher share than in 2018.

In the period of 12 months before the survey in 2019, 11% of households were in arrears to pay utility costs, possibly rent or mortgage, other loans or purchase instalments at least once because of financial difficulties, 1 percentage point fewer than in 2018 and 9 percentage points fewer than in 2014, when the largest share of households was in arrears.

12% of households who rent the dwelling were in arrears to pay rent at least once in the past 12 months, 4 percentage points fewer than in 2018.

In 2019, 27% of households had loans that are not intended for the purchase of dwelling to solve the basic housing problem but are taken at the bank for example for purchasing a car, holidays, furniture, etc. If we take into account only households with such loans, 3% were in arrears to pay, 1 percentage point fewer than in 2018. 19% of households were paying purchase instalments for example for household appliances, furniture, fuel for heating, etc. If we take into account only households with purchase instalments, 5% were in arrears to pay, the same share as in the previous year. If we take into account all households in Slovenia, 1% were in arrears to pay loans or purchase instalments.

The self-assessment of overall life satisfaction has increased

Compared to 2018 the average assessment of overall life satisfaction improved in 2019; it increased from 7.3 to 7.5 on the scale from 0 (“not at all satisfied”) to 10 (“completely satisfied”).

Almost eight out of ten people (78%) rated their overall life satisfaction in the range from 7 to 10, which is 5 percentage points more than in the previous year. The share of people who rated their life in the lowest range (0–4) decreased from 6% in 2018 to 4% in 2019.

Goods and activities that have to be paid for more accessible

The share of persons aged 16+ who got together with friends/relatives for a drink/meal at least once a month increased by 1 percentage point (2019: 93%; 2018: 92%), while the share of persons who could not afford to do so because of financial difficulties stayed the same (3%).

More than half of persons aged 16+ (55%) regularly participated in leisure activities (e.g. sport, cinema, concerts, etc.) that have to be paid; this is 3 percentage points more than in 2018. The share of persons that could not afford to participate in such activities due to financial difficulties decreased by 3 percentage points (from 15% to 12%).

Nine out of ten persons were able to spend a small amount of money almost each week on themselves, which was 1 percentage point more than in 2018. 6% of persons could not afford this due to financial reasons and 5% due to other reasons.

Material situation of persons at a young age

35% of persons aged 25–59 estimated that in the time of their youth (around 14 years of age) the financial situation of their household was moderately good and 33% estimated it as being good or very good. 12% estimated the financial situation in the time of their youth as moderately bad, while 18% stated it was bad or very bad.

7 in 10 persons lived at the time of their youth in households where all children went annually to a week of holidays away from home (also with relatives or friends, youth organisations, school trips etc.). Almost everyone (98%) had basic school needs met (books and school equipment) and ensured at least one meal with meat or vegetarian equivalent (95%).
Today we are publishing provisional data from the Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) collected with the survey questionnaire in the first half of 2019. Later we will add to these data additional data from registers and administrative sources. The final data can be changed because of additional data and further statistical data processing.

Final data for 2019 will be published on 11 June 2020. At the same time final data from the field of "Income, poverty and social exclusion indicators" will be published. More detailed data will be published in the SiStat Database on 8 July 2020. The final detailed data from the ad hoc module about “Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages” will be published on 22 September 2020. 
When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.