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In 2018, EUR 892.4 million was spent in Slovenia for research and development (R&D), which is 11.2% more than in 2017.
GERD increased for the first time after 2013
According to provisional data, gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in Slovenia amounted to EUR 892.4 million, which is 11.2% more than in 2017. This was the first increase after 2013. The share of GERD in GDP1 also increased; in 2018 it amounted to 2.0%, in 2017 to 1.9%.
Business enterprise sector expenditure on R&D at 1.4% of GDP
As in previous years, most GERD in 2018 was spent in the business enterprise sector. According to provisional data, its R&D expenditure in 2018 amounted to EUR 662.1 million, which is 74.2% of GERD or 1.4% of GDP. The remaining GERD was used by other sectors: 13.6% by the government sector, 11.9% by the higher education sector and 0.3% by the private non-profit sector. In 2018, among R&D performers the involvement of the higher education sector improved the most, namely by 0.7 percentage points compared to 2017.
Business enterprises principal providers of funds
The structure of financial resources for R&D in 2018 was similar to 2017. Business enterprises provided the biggest financial support for R&D, as stated by provisional data of EUR 558.2 million, which is 62.5% of GERD. Government financing covered 23.7% of GERD, 13.1% of funds originated from abroad. Less than a percent of GERD was financially supported by higher education and private non-profit organizations together. Government-financed R&D increased the most in 2018, namely by 15.5% compared to 2017.
Higher workload of R&D personnel
According to provisional data, 23,590 persons were engaged in R&D in 2018, which is 7.3% more than in 2017. Their performance in 2018 was equivalent to the workload of 15,698 persons with full-time employment, which is by 6.7% more than in 2017. Researchers carried out the principal amount, namely 64.3%, of R&D workload in 2018.
1 GERD as a percentage of GDP is calculated based on the latest revision of GDP.
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by sector of performance, Slovenia, 2018
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source of funds, Slovenia, 2018
Total R&D personnel1 by sector of employment, Slovenia, 2018
1) Data include both internal and external R&D personnel.
2) The total does not add up due to rounding.