How much food is wasted and in which activity?
In 2018, a resident of Slovenia discarded on average 68 kg of food or 4 kg more than in 2017.
All food waste generated in Slovenia in 2018 amounted to almost 139,900 tons. This amount could be much smaller if our attitude towards food were different and if we made sure that food was not wasted. It is estimated that 38% of generated food waste was the edible part and this amount could have been reduced or prevented through awareness raising and a proper attitude towards food. 62% of the food waste was inedible parts, e.g. bones, pits, peels, eggshells, shells, hulls, etc., which mostly cannot be avoided.
As in previous years, in 2018, more than half (52%) of food waste was generated in households (almost 73,200 tons). A third (almost 42,100 tons) of food waste originated from catering and other food-serving activities, e.g. in schools, kindergartens, hospitals, old-people’ homes. A tenth (about 13,800 tons) of food waste was generated in distribution and food stores due to transport damages, improper storage, expired use, etc. Just under a tenth (about 10,800 tons) of food waste originated from food production (including primary food production). The residues of organic origin that derive from the activity of food production and are diverted to animal feed production do not belong to food waste.
In 2018, in all activities more food waste was generated than in 2017: in households by 8%, in catering and other food service activities by almost 4%, in distribution and food stores by almost 5% and in production of food (including primary production) by 3%. However, it should be noted that the generated amount of food waste in 2018 increased over 2017 also because the collected amount of biodegradable waste in the public removal was higher in 2018 than in 2017.
Food, which was in the 2018 discarded by households, accounted for 11% of all municipal waste generated by households.
Where does food waste end up?
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The largest amount of food waste that ended up in the waste management system in 2018, 48%, was processed in biogas plants, 29% was processed in composting plants, and 21% was bio-stabilized before disposal. After 2015, in accordance with the applicable waste legislation, all waste food collected with mixed municipal waste must be bio-stabilized at the mechanical-biological treatment plant prior to disposal. 2% of the food waste in the 2018 was processed with other types of treatment (e.g. co-incineration and incineration, oil refinement and other biological recovery processes).