World Day for Decent Work
The number of employed has been increasing. What is the quality of our employment?
How long is our working week, how stable are our jobs and how do we reconcile work and family life? For the World Day for Decent Work, the Statistical Office prepared some data affecting the quality of employment.
Employment trends in Slovenia
The number of employed persons has been increasing in recent years. There were 981,000 of them in 2018, which is almost 60% of total population aged 15 or more. Both the number of employees and the number of self-employed persons have been increasing.
How stable are our jobs…
The stability and safety of employment have a great impact on prosperity of the workers, their job satisfaction and enthusiasm to work. The stability of employment can be presented as the share of persons in informal and precarious employments as well as job tenure with the same employer.
More than half of employed persons (aged 25+) in Slovenia had job tenure longer than ten years at the current employer, which put us close to the top of the EU. In 2018 slightly more than a tenth of employed persons worked for the current employer for less than a year. The shortest job tenure at the current employer had employed persons in Scandinavian and Baltic countries. For example, in Denmark almost half of all employed persons had job tenure shorter than five years.
…and how satisfied are we with our work?
The stability and safety of employment have a great impact on prosperity, financial stability and job satisfaction. The average self-assessment of satisfaction with the job was 7.5 (on a scale from 0 to 10). There were no significant differences between the employed and the self-employed.
More than half of all employed persons were very satisfied with the job; only 2% of them were unsatisfied.
Are you working more than 48 hours a week?
The most common working time arrangement in Slovenia is working 40 hours per week. How many employed work more than 40 hours per week? In 2018 just over 7% of them were working 49 hours or more. This is below the EU-28 average (9%). The lowest share (less than 1%) of employed persons working that many hours was in Latvia, while the highest was in Greece, with a little more than 17%.
When we have a few hours to spare, we…
Leisure time is a significant component of employment. One third of Slovenian population (aged 16+) was very satisfied with their amount of leisure time. In 2018 they assessed their satisfaction with the highest assessment (9 and 10). The overall average self-assessment was 7.2. The employees were slightly more satisfied than the self-employed persons (6.8 vs. 6.2). The most satisfied with their leisure time were retired people (7.9).
…spend time with our family
The reconciliation between work and family life is often extremely demanding and has a great impact on the quality of employment. One of the highlighted themes of this year’s World Day for Decent Work is better involvement of women in the labour market. In 2018 women represented 46% of all employed persons. The highest shares of women in the EU were recorded in Latvia and Lithuania. More than half of employed in these two countries were women.
More often than men, women stay at home to take care of the family. The comparison of employment rates of mothers and fathers supports that statement: among fathers the employment rate is higher than among mothers in all EU-28 Member States. Nevertheless, Slovenia ranks among top of the countries with the high employment rate of mothers with the youngest child aged less than 6 years (or under compulsory school age). In 2018 the employment rate was 79%, which ranked Slovenia 2nd, right behind Sweden with 81% of mothers (with youngest child under compulsory school age) being employed.
The high employment rates of fathers and mothers in Slovenia show the relatively good situation in terms of the quality of employment being measured also by the possibility of reconciliation between work and family life.
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Work for a decent pay
A decent pay for the work performed is one of the main principles brought to our attention on the World Day for Decent Work. Slovenia ranks among EU Member States with the lowest gender pay gap. In 2018 average monthly gross earnings of women (EUR 1,709) were EUR 127 lower than average monthly gross earnings of men (EUR 1,836). Average monthly gross earnings in 2018 amounted to EUR 1,778, while the median, which divides the population into two halves, was EUR 1,482.