Labour Costs by Socio-Economic Characteristics of Employees and Self-Employed Persons, Slovenia, 2018

In 2018 employment grew by 3.2% and total labour costs by 7.4% over the previous year.

In 2018 employment grew by 3.2% and total labour costs by 7.4% over the previous year. Average labour costs in 2018 amounted to EUR 25,570 and were 4.1% higher than a year earlier.

  • 12/19/2019
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In 2018 employment grew by 3.2% and total labour costs by 7.4% over the previous year.

Average labour costs in 2018 amounted to EUR 25,570 and were 4.1% higher than a year earlier.

The average labour costs for employees and self-employed together in 2018 amounted to EUR 2,131 per month and increased by 4.1% compared to 2017, while for employees they amounted to EUR 2,301 and the increase was 3.9%.

As regards education, the number of employees with tertiary education increased the most (by 4.1% or 11,953 persons). The number of employees with upper secondary education increased slightly less (by 3.4% or 14,945 persons), while the number of employees with basic education or less decreased (by 0.4% or 250 persons). The number of employed men increased by 3.6% and the number of employed women by 3.0%. As regards age, there was a large increase in the groups of younger (15–29 years) and older (50 years and more), i.e. by 7.1% and 4.9%, respectively. In the group 30–49 years the number of employees increased by only 1.7%.

Differences in labour costs between different socio-economic groups of employees continue to decrease for the most part

The trend of narrowing the gap between labour costs of different socio-economic groups continued in 2018. Among the studied characteristics (gender, age, educational attainment, activity), the educational attainment has the biggest impact on labour costs. In 2018 average labour costs for employees with upper secondary education were  63.2% and for employees with basic education or less 50.9% of labour costs for employees with tertiary education. The difference in labour costs decreased in 2018 by 1.0 of a percentage point for employees with upper secondary education and increased by 0.1 of a percentage point for employees with basic education or less.

Different growth rates in labour costs caused the narrowing of the gap between labour groups; compared to 2017 the labour costs for employees with tertiary and upper secondary education increased on average by 3.1% and 4.7%. While for the employees with primary education or less they increased only by 2.9%. The difference in labour costs for employed men and women and regarding age narrowed as well.

In 2018 the number of employees grew by 3.3%, while the number of self-employed persons by 2.5%

The number of employees grew by 3.3% in 2018, which is the same growth as a year before. The number of self-employed persons increased by 4,731 (or by 2.5%). The highest growth rate was observed in accomodation and food service activities (by 8.1%) and information, communication, financial, insurance and real estate activities (by 7.6%) and their number dropped the most in transportation and storage (1.4%).

Self-employed persons (entrepreneurs, farmers, persons employed by contracts) generate the operating surplus/mixed income on the basis of their work and capital. In 2018 self-employed persons generated EUR 3,723 million of operating surplus/mixed income, which was a 8.9% increase compared to 2017. The labour costs for self-employed persons were estimated at EUR 3,287 million, which was a 7.8% increase compared to 2017. Thus, operating surplus/mixed income for self-employed persons increased slightly more than their labour costs.
Average labour costs of employees by educational attainment and activities , Slovenia, 2018
Average labour costs of employees by educational attainment and activities , Slovenia, 2018
Source: SURS
Growth of number of employees by educational attainment and activities, Slovenia, 2018
Educational attainment
TotalBasic or lessUpper secondaryTertiary
annual growth rates (%)
Activity - TOTAL3.3-0.43.44.1
A Agriculture, forestry and fishing2.6-6.41.811.8
B Mining and quarrying-0.10.0-0.82.2
C Manufacturing4.7-0.85.75.9
D Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply-0.5-1.3-0.8-0.2
E Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities3.1-1.54.33.4
F Construction7.26.47.75.7
G Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles2.6-1.61.85.1
H Transportation and storage5.11.54.410.4
I Accommodation and food service activities5.5-3.86.19.9
J Information and communication3.9-2.51.35.6
K Financial and insurance activities-1.0-3.3-4.10.7
L Real estate activities4.25.1-0.310.1
M Professional, scientific and technical activities2.66.02.12.7
N Administrative and support service activities1.3-2.41.43.5
O Public administration and defence; compulsory social security-0.1-2.9-2.71.4
P Education2.3-2.50.73.1
Q Human health and social work activities2.8-1.81.74.5
R Arts, entertainment and recreation2.0-6.40.24.1
S Other service activities2.65.10.36.1
T Activities of households as employers0.70.70.70.7
Source: SURS
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