Turnover from the sale of
goods higher than in 2017
In retail trade, as well as in wholesale, the turnover from the sale of goods
in 2018 was higher than the year before.
Turnover in retail trade was 7.1% higher and amounted to EUR 13.9
billion. The growth was not as high as in 2017 when the turnover grew by 12.0%,
but it was still the third highest growth in the last decade.
In 2018 turnover from the sale of goods in wholesale amounted to EUR 14.5
billion, which was 5.5% more than in 2017. Turnover from the sale of goods in
wholesale grew for the fifth consecutive year but it still didn’t reach the
2008 turnover, when it grossed EUR 15.7 billion.
The highest growth in
retail trade turnover in the sale of medical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic
The most important commercial goods in retail trade considering retail
trade turnover in 2018 were still food and beverages. Turnover of EUR 3.2
billion represented 23.1% of total turnover in retail trade. Compared to 2017,
the turnover was higher by 7.9%, which was the highest recorded growth since
2009 concerning this commodity group.
The commodity group motor vehicles and spare parts remained second as regards
retail trade turnover, but compared to last year’s growth (by 31.5%) it was quite
lower. In 2018 it grew by 3.9%.
The turnover growth in the third most important commodity group – energy
products and motor fuels – was more substantial. Turnover grew by 16.2% in this
commodity group. It grew for the second year in a row after the decline in 2013–2016.
Compared to 2017 the highest turnover growth was recorded in the sale of
medical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. In 2018 turnover was higher by
31.1%. This could be partially the consequence of the decline in 2017. Compared
to 2016, it grew by 19.2% and compared to the five-year average it grew by
Considering other important commodity groups, retail trade turnover in 2018
mostly grew. It declined only in the sale of construction material,
installation and technical products (by 0.8%) and in the sale of tobacco and
tobacco products (by 1.7%).
After the high growth in
2017 wholesale turnover from the sale of motor vehicles and other transport
equipment declined in 2018
In wholesale, compared to 2017, the turnover from the sale of motor
vehicles and other transport equipment declined by 7.7% in 2018. This was the
first decline for this commodity group since 2012. In 2017 it grew by 16.5%,
which means that the turnover was still 7.5% higher than in 2016. Motor
vehicles and other transport equipment were still the most important commodity
group in wholesale since their sale represented 15.7% of the wholesale
In terms of turnover, the sale of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels was the
second most important commodity group in wholesale. It replaced turnover from
the sale of food and beverages. In 2018 turnover in the first commodity group
grew by 22.7% and in the other declined by 4.7%. Similar to the retail trade,
it was also the second consecutive year of the growth of turnover from the sale
of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels after the previous four-year decline.
A parallel between retail and wholesale trade can also be drawn in the
sale of pharmaceutical products and medical equipment. In wholesale the high
growth in 2018 (by 23.9%) also followed the decline in the previous year (by
8.8%). Compared to 2016 the growth of turnover in 2018 was less prominent (by