In the first quarter, surplus with the rest of the world continued to grow. Non-financial corporations generated a deficit, while financial corporations, general government and households generated a surplus. The non-financial corporations’ investment rate and the households’ saving rate increased.
In the first quarter of 2019, the total economy generated a surplus in the amount of EUR 858 million or 7.7% of GDP (in the first quarter of 2018: EUR 678 million or 6.4% of GDP). Compared to the first quarter of 2018, exports of goods and services increased by 9.2% and imports of goods and services by 8.2%. The balance of goods and services account contributed to the total economy surplus EUR 1,112 million or 10.0% of GDP, while in other transactions with the rest of the world (primary incomes, current and capital transfers) a deficit was generated in the amount of EUR 254 million or 2.3% of GDP.
Non-financial corporation’s deficit amounted to EUR 200 million or 1.8% of GDP (first quarter of 2018: EUR 303 million or 2.9% of GDP). The investment rate (share of gross fixed capital formation in gross value added) was 25.8% and increased over the first quarter of 2018 by 1 p.p. Profit share (share of gross operating surplus in gross value added) decreased and was 32.7% (first quarter of 2018: 33.6%).
Financial corporations generated a surplus in the amount of EUR 24 million or 0.2% of GDP (first quarter of 2018: EUR 62 million or 0.6% of GDP).
General government generated a surplus for the eighth quarter in a row. This time the surplus was minimal and amounted to EUR 4 million or 0.03% of GDP. Once again both revenues and expenditures increased; expenditures slightly more than revenues. On the revenue side of the account, taxes and social contributions contributed the major part to the growth, while on the expenditure side, with the exception of interests, all important categories (gross capital formation, compensation of employees, social transfers) increased.
Households and NPISH
Gross disposable income increased by 5.5% compared to the first quarter of 2018. Changes in disposable income are strongly linked to changes in compensation of employees, which increased by 7.5%. The saving rate (share of gross saving in gross disposable income) was 19.5% and compared to the first quarter of 2018 it was up by 0.9 p.p.
In this year’s September release of sector accounts data the complete data series will be revised. Methodological adjustments will be made to improve the comparability of data between the EU Member States.
Account of Slovenia with the Rest of the World, current prices, Slovenia
Main aggregates of national accounts by institutional sectors, current prices, Slovenia