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In 2018, 19,585 children were born in Slovenia, 57.7% of them to unmarried mothers. The mean age of mother at first birth was 29.5 years. The most popular name for girls was Ema and for boys, for the 20th consecutive year, Luka.
3% fewer livebirths than in 2017
In 2018, for the first time in ten years, fewer than 20,000 children were born in Slovenia. Mothers gave birth to 19,585 children: 10,157 boys and 9,428 girls. Compared to 2017, 656 (3.2%) fewer children were born. The value of the basic indicator of fertility, which shows an average number of live births per 1,000 population, was 9.5 (2017: 9.8). About the same value was recorded in 2006.
The total fertility rate, which is the average number of live born children per woman of childbearing age (at the present mortality rate and on the assumption that the woman will reach her 49th birthday), was 1.61 (in 2017: 1.62).
The mean age of mothers at birth: 31 years
Every year after World War II the mean age of a mother at birth has been higher. In 2018 most children were born to women aged 28 to 30 years. Mothers who gave birth in 2018 were on average 31 years old. Those who become mothers for the first time were on average 29.5 years old.
57.7% of children born to unmarried mothers
In 2018, 8,293 children were born to married mothers and 11,292 (57.7%) to unmarried mothers. Married mothers were on average older (31.4 years) than unmarried mothers (30.7 years). Among first time mothers the difference between married and unmarried mothers is not very significant (29.6 years vs 29.4 years).
Fathers of children are on average 3 years older than mothers; this was also the case in 2018 (they were on average 33.7 years old). Eight fathers were more than 60 years old and 47 were younger than 20 years.
And some interesting findings for new-borns in 2018
• On average 54 children were born per day. The fewest children were born on Sunday, 11 November (25), the most or three times as many (83) children on Thursday, 5 July. On a weekday on average 58 and on a weekend day on average 43 children were born.
• For the 20th consecutive year most new-born boys were named Luka. Most new-born girls were named Ema.
• In 340 cases twins and in three case triplets were born.
• 212 mothers married after the birth of the child in the same year.
• 54 children were born on their mother's birthday, and 57 on their father's birthday.
How has fertility changed over a longer period?
A comparison of fertility behaviour in Slovenia over a longer period shows that fertility changed the most among younger women.
Fifty years ago, most children were born to the youngest women (aged 20–24) and the fewest to women aged 40–44. In the 1980s, however, this changed: fertility began to decline primarily among the youngest (20–24 years). In 1968, 1,000 women aged 20–24 gave birth to 160 children. The rate was increasing and reached its peak in 1979 (180 children), and in 2018 decreased to a quarter of the 1968 figure (43 children). Fertility among women aged 30–34 has more than doubled since the beginning of the 1990s. The birth rates of women aged 35–39 are now slightly higher than they were fifty years ago and the highest so far.
For the last ten years the fertility rates in Slovenia have been the highest (and also approximately the same) among women aged 25–29 and 30–34 years and significantly lower (and similar) among women aged 20–24 and 35–39 years.
Natural decrease in 2018
As in 2017, Slovenia registered natural decrease in 2018. 20,485 persons died, 19,585 were born. Natural decrease was −900.
Data on natural increase by municipalities and regions are published in the SiStat Database.
Live births, Slovenia
1) Average number of live born children per one woman in reproductive age.
Sources: SURS, NIJZ
Top 10 names of children born in 2018, Slovenia
Natural increase, Slovenia