Comparative price levels for consumer goods and services, European countries, 2018

Price level indices for food and non-alcoholic beverages in Slovenia in 2018 were 3 % lower than the EU-28 average

Prices for food and non-alcoholic beverages in Slovenia in 2018 were 3 % lower than the EU-28 average. Prices in Austria and Italy were higher, in Hungary lower, whereas in Croatia they were the same as in Slovenia. 

  • 20 June 2019 at 10:30
  • |
  • no status
Eurostat data

The data on the price levels for food, beverages and tobacco were published by Eurostat. The results are based on price surveys covering consumer goods and services across 37 European countries. By comparing the ratios of prices among countries and the exchange rates against the euro, price level indices are calculated in the framework of the European project. These allow for comparisons of the price levels in relation to the EU-28 average.

Price levels relate to the concept of household final consumption expenditure, which consists of all expenditure incurred by households on goods and services for consumption.

Price levels for Slovenia for food and beverages close to the EU-28 level; price level for tobacco 32% lower than the average level in the EU-28

The price comparison among European countries shows that price level indices for food and beverages consumed by households in Slovenia were in 2018 close to the EU-28 average. The price level in Slovenia was lower than the EU-28 average in case of tobacco (by 32%) and of alcoholic beverages (by 7%). In view of price levels for food and non-alcoholic beverages, Croatia and Spain ranked closest to Slovenia.

The price levels for food, beverages and tobacco in 2018 were the highest in Norway and Iceland, while the lowest price levels were recorded in North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Bulgaria (approximately 60% of the EU-28 average).

Price levels of individual product groups differed widely across European countries in 2018. The highest price level for meat was recorded in Switzerland, where prices were 128% higher than the EU-28 average. Iceland and Norway had distinctly high price levels for alcoholic beverages and tobacco. In North Macedonia and Turkey tobacco prices were especially low, reaching only 29% and 35% of the EU-28 average, respectively.

Among EU-28 Member States, the price level for food and non-alcoholic beverages in 2018 was the highest in Denmark, followed by Luxembourg and Austria. The lowest price levels among EU-28 Member States were in 2018 recorded in Romania, Poland and Bulgaria.

Neighbouring countries comparison of the price levels for food, beverages and tobacco in 2018


A neighbouring countries comparison of the price levels shows that prices in Hungary were (on average 12%) lower than in Slovenia. Price levels that were higher than in Slovenia were recorded in Austria (on average 23% higher) and Italy (on average 17% higher), whereas Croatia had the same level of prices as Slovenia.

Compared to Slovenia, the biggest differences among countries were recorded in the meat and tobacco group, in which Austria and Italy were significantly more expensive than Slovenia. The prices of alcoholic beverages were more expensive in all of Slovenia’s neighboring countries, with the exception of Hungary (17% lower).

Price level indices for selected food products, European countries (EU-28=100), 2018
CountryFood and non-
alcoholic beverages
… bread and
cereals
… meat… milk, cheese
and eggs
Alcoholic
beverages
Tobacco
EU-28100100100100100100
Denmark130152121117124102
Luxembourg1251271421319385
Austria12513514610710189
Ireland120119105121177201
Finland120127122116182117
Sweden117123119113152108
France11511113110094141
Belgium114115126113106102
Malta1121119811710994
Italy11111812011510088
Cyprus1081238913610382
Greece1061149113413380
Germany1021021069789101
Netherlands10190123102100110
Portugal99988310910286
Croatia97103859610162
Slovenia97104971029368
Spain9510889968483
Estonia95958410312668
United Kingdom94869592129204
Slovakia9488791009064
Latvia93867610710965
Hungary857775937763
Czechia848076928268
Lithuania828171909463
Bulgaria766264987449
Poland696863718660
Romania665463937469
EFTA member states
Norway163167155174252222
Switzerland160163228136118121
Iceland148156165165268187
Candidate countries for EU
Albania7970719410040
Montenegro7874628310650
Serbia787067878442
Turkey7061659616335
North Macedonia625762717229
Potential candidate country for EU
Bosnia and Herzegovina767169817245
Source: Eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat, 20. 6. 2019)
When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.