Housing conditions of households in 2018 stayed about the same as in 2017. More households than in 2017 made ends meet easily or very easily; more households than in 2017 could handle unexpected financial expenses. On average people were satisfied with their lives.
Housing conditions stayed the same as one year before
In 2018, 77% of households estimated that they had no difficulties in their dwellings such as leaking roof, damp walls/floors/foundation, rot in window frames or floor. This percentage remained the same as the year before. The greatest problem in 2018 as well as in 2017 was damp walls or foundations (16% of households reported having problems with damp walls or foundations).
Household income has an impact on the state of housing; 32% of the households with the lowest income and 14% of the households with the highest income had these difficulties.
Other factors also have an impact on the quality of living, for example pollution of environment, noise and difficulties with crime, violence or vandalism.
Households that lived in the buildings with several flats had more problems with pollution, crime, violence/vandalism than those that lived in detached or semi-detached individual houses.
Financial capabilities of the households improved further
In the last 12 months before the interview in 2018 12% of households were in arrears for utility costs. Among households that are above the at-risk-of-poverty threshold 10% were in arrears and among households that are below the poverty threshold 19% were in arrears. In comparison with one year ago, the share of households that were in arrears was lower by 1 percentage point. The decrease was higher for households that are below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold (by 4 percentage points) than for households that are above the at-risk-of-poverty threshold (by 1 percentage point).
An important aspect of how people live is their subjective perception. The share of households that estimated that they were able to make ends meet without difficulty (easy, very easy) increased compared to 2017 by 2 percentage points (2018: 17%). On the other hand, the share of households that made ends meet with difficulty (difficulty, great difficulty) decreased by 2 percentage points (from 26% in 2017 to 24% in 2018).
Among households that lived above the at-risk-of-poverty threshold one fifth made ends meet without difficulty, but among the households that lived below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold there were 7% such households, which is 3 percentage points more than one year ago. The share of households that lived below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and had such difficulties decreased in comparison with the year before (2017: 53%, 2018: 51%.
42% of tenant households declared that they had difficulty making ends meet (difficulty, great difficulty); the same problem was reported by 21% of households that were owners of the flat. Both shares were lower than the year before.
The share of households that made ends meet without difficulty was the highest in the Gorenjska statistical region (24%) and the lowest in the Posavska statistical region (8%).
In 2018, unexpected financial expenses in the amount of EUR 600 could be handled by 63% of households, which was 4 percentage points more than in 2017 and the highest share since the beginning of the survey.
Unexpected financial expenses could be handled by 18% of households that had great difficulty or difficulty in making ends meet and by 93% of households that made ends meet very easily or easily.
Seven out of ten households could afford annual holidays outside home
73% of households could afford annual holidays outside home for all household members, including the holidays at their relatives, summer home, etc., which was one percentage point more than in the previous year.
According to the type of household, the share was the highest in households with two parents and at least one dependent child (89%) and the lowest in one person households (56%). 42% of households that were below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold could afford annual holidays outside home.
The share of households that could afford annual holidays outside home for all households members was the highest in the Osrednjeslovenska statistical region (81%) and the lowest in the Pomurska statistical region (61%).
The overall life satisfaction increases
The overall life satisfaction was assessed the highest by people living in the Gorenjska statistical regions: 7.6 (on the scale from 0 – Not at all satisfied, to 10 – Completely satisfied), which was 0.3 higher than the national average (7.3) and higher than in the previous year (7.2). The overall life satisfaction was assessed the lowest by people living in the Posavska statistical region (6.7).
The share of persons who were severely materially deprived was the highest in the Zasavska statistical region (8.5%) and the lowest in the Gorenjska statistical region (1.5%), while the average assessment of overall life satisfaction in both regions was higher than the national average (7.6 and 7.5, respectively). This means that the assessment of overall satisfaction does not depend only on financial and material aspects, but also, for example, on satisfaction with health, family, friends, social networks, hobbies, free time, etc.
The data indicate that life satisfaction mostly depends on the health status of people. Those who assessed their health as very good (20% of people aged 16+) were also among the most satisfied with their lives (average self-assessment 8.3).
Nine out of ten persons got together for a drink, lunch/dinner at least once a month
92% of persons aged 16 years or more got together for a drink, lunch/dinner at least once a month. This share is about the same as in the previous year. The share of such persons is higher among pupils/students, people with higher incomes, and more educated persons in the labour force. Financially getting together for a drink, lunch/dinner at least once per month could not be afforded by 3% of persons and 5% did not get together because of other reasons.
Majority get material and/or non-material help from relatives, friends, neighbours, acquaintances
92% of persons aged 16 years or more can get non-material help from relatives, friends, neighbours and acquaintances in the case that they need such help, for example the discussion about personal matters, help by some tasks, help during sickness. If a person needs material help, for example money, object of daily use, groceries, tools, 81% of persons aged 16 years or more can get such help from relatives, friends, neighbours and acquaintances.
There are no significant gender differences. According to age classes, younger persons (16-24 years) can get any kind of help (material or non-material) more easily than others.
The source for data on living conditions is the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), which was implemented with the survey in 2018 and the use of administrative and registers data mostly for 2017.
The provisional data published in the First Release on 17 January 2019 are supplemented with final data. The majority of the final data are not different from provisional data.
More detailed data will be published in the SiStat Database on 4 July 2019. The final detailed data from the ad hoc module about »Wellbeing« will be published on 12 September 2019.