Research and Development Activity, Slovenia, 2017

In 2017 EUR 802.3 million or 1.9% of GDP spent in Slovenia on R&D

Final data on research and development activity in Slovenia for 2017 are published. They slightly differ from provisional data. Data at a more detailed level will be published in the SI-STAT Database on 21 March 2019.

  • 3/5/2019
  • |
  • final data

Final data on R&D for 2017 available
Final data on research and development activity (R&D) in Slovenia for 2017 published in the First Release on 8 November 2018 are now available. They slightly differ from provisional data. Data at a more detailed level will be published in the SI-STAT Database on 21 March 2019. Due to methodological changes made in the R&D survey for 2017, some data are not fully comparable with the data for the previous years. Therefore, data for 2017 will be published at a more detailed level in new separate tables in the SI-STAT Database.

In 2017, 1.2% less spent on R&D than in 2016
According to final data, in 2017 gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) in Slovenia amounted to EUR 802.3 million, which is 1.2% less than in 2016. GERD thus decreased for the fourth consecutive year; over the last five years it decreased on average by 2.8% per year. The share of GERD in GDP1 in 2017 was 1.9%, 0.1 of percentage point lower than in 2016. The business enterprise sector, which is the largest investor and performer of R&D in Slovenia, in 2017 contributed and spent less funds on R&D than in 2016 (9.9% and 2.4% less)2. On the other hand, other financial resources and sectors of performance contributed and spent more funds than in 2016 (18.4% and 2.6% more)3.

In 2017, 2.2% higher workload of R&D personnel than in 2016
In 2017, 21,993 persons were involved in R&D in Slovenia, 14,079 or 64.0% of them were researchers. Expressed in full time equivalent (FTE) they performed 2.2% higher workload compared with the previous year, which is equivalent to 14,713 persons with full-time employment. Higher workload of R&D personnel was observed for the second consecutive year; however, over the last five years it decreased on average by 0.3% per year. In the sectoral, occupational and sex structure of the workload in 2017, business enterprises contributed 67.7%, researchers 63.2% and women 33.7%.

R&D in Slovenia male dominated, the government sector the most gender balanced
In Slovenia, R&D is a male dominated world. Among all persons involved in R&D in 2017 34.1% were women and among researchers 32.3%. Within each sector of employment, the ratio between women and men (both among all R&D personnel as well as among researchers) was the most balanced in the government sector (0.99 and 0.86 of a female per one male), and the least in the business enterprise sector (0.35 and 0.29 of a female per one male). The most important employer of female researchers in 2017 was the higher education sector (40.2%) and of male researchers the business enterprise sector (60.6%).

1) Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP is calculated based on the latest available values of GDP.
2) Considering also non-profit institutions serving households as a part of the business enterprise sector, in 2017 the business enterprise sector contributed by 9.3% and spent by 2.1% less funds than in 2016.
3) Boosted performance of R&D by the private non-profit sector is the result of a methodological reclassification of units between business and private non-profit sectors.

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by sector of performance1, Slovenia, 2017
Sector of performanceGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total802,2912)
Business sector599,976
Government sector110,681
Higher education sector89,885
Private non-profit sector1,748
1) Private researchers are newly classified into business enterprise sector, while non-profit institutions services households into private non-profit sector.
2) The total does not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D by source of funds, Slovenia, 2017
Source of fundsGross domestic expenditure on R&D
1,000 EUR
Total802,291
Business enterprises506,624
Government183,339
Higher education3,630
Private non-profit organisations3,568
Abroad105,130
Source: SURS
Total R&D personnel1 by sector of employment2, occupation and sex, Slovenia, 2017
OccupationSector of employment
total3business enterprise
sector
government
sector
higher education
sector
private non-profit
sector
head countFTEhead countFTEhead countFTEhead countFTEhead countFTE
Total R&D personnel21,99314,71313,6029,9553,0902,3235,2122,3958941
  female7,4964,9573,5632,6431,5411,1702,3591,1263318
Researchers14,0799,3017,4695,7572,1701,5024,3742,0206523
  female4,5492,8771,6981,2961,0046921,827880208
1) Data include both internal and external R&D personnel.
2) Private researchers are newly classified into business enterprise sector, while non-profit institutions services households into private non-profit sector.
3) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

In the R&D survey for 2017 methodological changes were made, which have an impact on the terminology and values of some data; thus data for 2017 are not fully comparable with the published data for the previous years.

In conformity with Frascati manual 2015 guidelines, extended definition of the higher education sector is used with data for 2017. Moreover, private researchers are considered as a part of the business enterprise sector (before part of the private non-profit sector), and non-profit institutions serving households as a part of the private non-profit sector (before part of the business enterprise sector). Total number of R&D personnel, expressed in headcounts (HC), includes both internal and external R&D personnel (before only internal). Both groups of R&D personnel are classified into three occupational categories: researchers, technicians or equivalent and other supporting staff (before into five categories).

Detailed data on R&D for 2017 will be published on 21 March 2019.

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