Culture contributed 1.1% to gross domestic product in 2017.
Culture through finance
Culture in the narrow sense for statistical purposes covers the following activities according to NACE Rev. 1: publishing activities, motion picture, video and television programme production, programming and broadcasting activities, creative arts and entertainment activities and libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities. The contribution of culture expressed in the share of value added in GDP, disregarding the impact on tourism, hospitality industry, trade, etc., was 1.1% in 2014–2017 and 1.2% in 2010–2013. For illustrative comparison: the contribution of culture is more than a half of agricultural contribution to GDP (1.7% in 2017).
Government expenditure on culture (i.e. for the functioning of libraries, museums, galleries, theatres, for concert, stage and film production, for artistic events, monuments, cultural events, subsidies to artists, etc., for services of radio, television and publishing) was more than EUR 410 million, i.e. 1% of GDP or EUR 199 per capita.
The majority of government expenditure is final consumption expenditure – EUR 289 million or EUR 140 EUR per capita, followed by gross capital formation with more than EUR 48 million in 2017. Detailed analysis shows that overall expenditure decreased mainly due to the decrease in gross capital formation: in 2010, the government allocated almost EUR 481 million, of which for investments EUR 103 million; in 2011 the government invested almost EUR 90 million, then investment was for 4 years between EUR 77 and 81 million, in 2016 gross capital formation dropped to EUR 41 million, and in 2017 slightly increased to slightly more than EUR 48 million.
A comparison between 2010 and 2017 reveals the following picture: in 2010, the total government expenditure for culture was EUR 235 per capita, for final consumption EUR 138 per capita, and private expenditure was EUR 156 per capita. After seven years, in 2017, the picture changed: the total government expenditure was EUR 199 (EUR 36 less than 2010), for final consumption EUR 140 (EUR 2 more than 2010), and each inhabitant spent for culture an average of EUR 192 (EUR 36 more than 2010), all calculated per capita.
Employed in culture by typical occupations
According to the latest data for October 2018, 14,861 persons were registered in the Statistical Register of Employment who worked in typical cultural occupations (20 occupational groups were selected according to the SKP-08), over 36% of them were self-employed. In the last 5 years, the total number of persons has increased by over 14%, but the structure has not changed in terms of employment status (i.e. employment or self-employment) or by gender (57% of women, 43% of men).