Structural data of persons in employment, Slovenia, 31. 12. 2017

At the end of 2017 8.0% more persons in employment than in 2012, mostly on account of higher retirement age

At the end of 2017 there were 856,201 persons in employment in Slovenia, 8.0% more than five years ago, mostly on account of the increase in the private sector (by 10.2%).

  • 6/4/2018
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  • final data

At the end of 2017 8.0% more persons in employment than in 2012, mostly on account of higher retirement age

At the end of 2017 there were 856,201 persons in employment in Slovenia, 89.4% of them in paid employment and 10.6% of them self-employed. A large majority of persons in paid employment worked for legal entities (93.5%), while the remaining 6.5% worked for natural persons. Compared to 2016 there were 3.8% more persons in employment; however, taking into account trends in the number of persons in employment over the past five years, the number increased by 8.0%. In the five-year period the number of self-employed persons slightly decreased (by 2.1%), while the number of persons in paid employment increased by 9.3%.

As regards persons in employment, men have always outnumbered women; at the end of 2017 the ratio was 54.6% vs 45.4%. In the past five years the share of men in employment decreased by 0.3 of a percentage point, so the share of women in employment increased by as much.

The average age of persons in employment has been increasing; in 2017 a person in employment was on average 42.5 years old, while in 2012 the average age was 41.4 years. Women in employment were on average slightly older (42.9 years) than men in employment (42.2 years), while at the end of 2012 both women and men in employment were on average 41.4 years old.

Most men in employment are aged between 35 and 39 years (15.0%), while most women in employment are aged 40–44 years and 50–54 years (15.6% in each age group). In the past five years there was a significant increase in the number of persons in employment aged 55+ (by 68.4%). In these age groups the number of women in employment increased much more than the number of men in employment, which is understandable since the retirement age for women used to be lower than for men.

The educational structure of persons in employment shows a better situation for women than for men, since the share of tertiary educated women is much higher than the share of men with the same education level; at the end of 2017 the shares were 44.6% of all women in employment and 25.9% of all men in employment. In the past five years the share of tertiary educated women in employment went up by 6.4 percentage points and the share of tertiary educated men in employment by 3.7 percentage points. The shares of women in employment with upper secondary education and tertiary education are very close; at the end of 2017 the share of women in employment with upper secondary education was 47.0%, i.e. only 2.3 percentage points higher than the share of women in employment with tertiary education. For men the difference is still enormous; at the end of 2017 the share of men in employment with upper secondary education was 63.8%, 37.9 percentage points higher than the share of men in employment with tertiary education. However, in the past five years the share of men in employment with basic education or less decreased more (by 4.0 percentage points) than the share of women in employment with the same education level (by 2.7 percentage points). At the end of 2017 the shares were 10.3% for men and 8.4% for women.

As regards the institutional sector, at the end of 2017 about three quarters of persons in employment (72.4%) worked in the private sector and about a quarter (27.6%) in the public sector; 19.9% of all persons in employment worked in the government sector. Compared to the previous year, employment went up more in the private (by 5.2%) than in the public (0.4%) sector. Compared to the end of 2012, the number increased in the private sector by 10.2% and in the public sector by 2.5%, of which in the government sector by 5.8%.

At the end of 2017 most persons in employment in the public sector had tertiary education (55.6%), 39.4% had upper secondary education and 4.9% had basic education or less. In the private sector most persons in employment had upper secondary education (62.5%), 26.3% had tertiary education and 11.2% had basic education or less.

At the end of 2017 most men in employment in Slovenia had the following occupations (according to the Standard Classification of Occupations SKP-08): heavy truck and lorry drivers (5.3%), manufacturing labourers (2.9%), commercial sales representatives (2.7%), stock clerks (2.4%) and agricultural and industrial machinery mechanics and repairers (1.9%). As regards women, most had the following occupations: sales workers (6.9%), cleaners and helpers in offices, hotels and other establishments (4.3%), secretaries (4.2%), manufacturing labourers (3.4%) and early childhood educators (3.2%).

Among persons with disabilities, more women than men in employment at the end of 2017

As regards persons with disabilities in Slovenia, at the end of 2017 33,290 were in employment, which is 3.4% more than a year before and 11.6% more than five years ago. This time there were slightly more women (50.3%) than men (49.7%). In the past year the number of women with disabilities in employment went up more (by 5.4%) than the number of men (by 1.4%). Over the past five years the difference was even larger; the number of women with disabilities in employment went up by 20.5% and of men by 3.8%.

Most men with disabilities were employed in manufacturing (40.0%), followed by administrative and support service activities (11.0%) and construction (8.0%). More women with disabilities were employed in manufacturing (25.9%), followed by human health and social work activities (20.5%), wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (10.6%) and education (10.3%).

At the end of 2017 the private sector employed 55.0% of men with disabilities and 45.0% of women with disabilities, while the public sector employed more women with disabilities (60.8%) than men with disabilities (39.2%); the government sector employed 75.9% of women and 24.1% of men with disabilities. In the past five years the increase in the number of persons with disabilities was higher in the private sector (for women by 26.7%, for men by 8.8%); in the public sector the number of women with disabilities increased by 12.4%, while the number of men with disabilities decreased by 8.1%.

In the past five years the educational structure changed significantly for tertiary educated persons with disabilities employed in the private sector, where there were 72.8% more women with disabilities and 56.6% men with disabilities. In the public sector the number of tertiary educated women with disabilities increased by 28.3% and the number of men by 3.4%. The number of women with disabilities with upper secondary education also increased (by 34.3% in the private sector and by 11.3% in the public sector), while the number of men with disabilities with the same educational level increased in the private sector by 15.4% and decreased in the public sector by 4.3%. The number of women and men with disabilities with basic education or less decreased in the public sector, while in the private sector the number of women with disabilities with basic education or less went up.

Chart: Persons in employment and disabled persons in employment (excluding farmers) by activity (NACE Rev. 2), Slovenia, 2017/2012
Chart: Persons in employment and disabled persons in employment (excluding farmers) by activity (NACE Rev. 2), Slovenia, 2017/2012
Source: SURS
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