Fewer women than men are born in Slovenia, although there are more of them in the total population. On general, they are more satisfied with their lives than men.
The International Women's Day has been celebrated for about 100 years
8 March has been celebrated as the International Women's Day since the early 20th century. On this day we honour the fight for economic, political and social equality of women. A milestone in Slovenia was the end of World War II, when universal suffrage was introduced in former Yugoslavia. This is by no means a self-evident right. For example, women in Switzerland were granted suffrage as late as in the early 1970s.
What does statistics tell us about men and women?
The Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia collects many data pointing out gender differences and similarities. Most of them are from demography and social statistics. At the International Women's Day we prepared some basic data and indicators on the gender situation in the society.
Fewer girls than boys are born
In most countries –Slovenia included – more boys than girls are born. In 2016, 10,366 boys and 9,979 girls were born in Slovenia. The sex ratio turns in favour of women at age 55. On average, women namely live longer than men. In 2016 the mean age at death for men was 73 years and for women 81 years. Life expectancy in EU Member States is growing, but it is shorter for boys than for girls. In Slovenia boys born in 2016 can expect to live 78 years and girls 84 years.
Despite many problems women are generally more satisfied with their lives
There were 817,000 employed persons in Slovenia in 2016, 370,000 or 45% of them women. 275,000 employed persons had tertiary education, 59% of them women. Tertiary educated women earned on average EUR 2,146 gross per month, i.e. EUR 450 less than tertiary educated men. Despite that, for several years the gender pay gap in Slovenia has been among the smallest in the EU-28. In 2016 the gap was smaller only in Slovakia. It was the largest in Bulgaria.
In Slovenia more women than men are at risk of poverty. In 2016 the at-risk-of-poverty rate for women was 15.2% and for men 12.5%. The relatively large gender gap is mostly the result of higher rates for the elderly women. For women aged 65+ the rate was 22.5% and for women aged 75+ as high as 26.6%.
Despite various problems and obstacles, women in Slovenia are generally more satisfied with their lives than men. On the scale from 0 to 10, in 2013 women in Slovenia aged 16+ rated their overall life satisfaction with an average score of 7.0, which ranked them 14th in the EU-28. Men in Slovenia were only slightly less satisfied with their lives with the score of 6.9, which ranked them 16th in the EU-28.
How do we measure gender equality?
The differences between men and women are measured by the so-called gender equality index, which was developed by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). Since 2005 the EIGE has been identifying the differences between men and women in six domains (work, money, knowledge, time, power, and health) and two satellite areas (violence against women and intersecting inequalities).
Slovenia reached 68.4 (out of 100) points in 2015 and was ranked 10th among EU Member States. At the top of the list was Sweden (82.6 points), followed by Denmark (76.8) and Finland (73.0), and at the bottom Greece (50.0), followed by Hungary (50.8). The EU-28 average was 66.2 points. In five domains (work, money, time, power, and health) Slovenia surpassed the EU-28 average, while in the knowledge domain it was below the EU-28 average. The main reason for such a low position in the knowledge domain is gender segregation: compared to other EU Member States, in Slovenia the share of women who are students in the field of education, health and welfare, humanities and the arts is higher than the share of men.