World Music day
Musicians, singers and composers mostly men; music mostly taught by women
Almost a quarter of all events in houses of culture and cultural centres are related to music and almost 68% of all hours of broadcast radio program is music.
In 1975 the International Music Council (IMC) gave the initiative to mark the International Music Day. The world-famous violinist Yehudi Menuhin wrote then that the purpose of celebrating the day is the promotion of musical art among all sections of society, the application of the UNESCO ideals of peace and friendship between peoples and of the evolution of their cultures, and the promotion of the activities of the International Music Day. 1 October was selected as the day of celebration.
In Europe the music day is also celebrated on 21 June. Activities are coordinated by the European Music Day Association, a non-profit organisation that brings together many towns and cities in 110 countries; Slovenia has been cooperating in recent years (www.praznikglasbe.si).
In memory of the first music day we selected some data on musical activity in Slovenia; the latest data mostly refer to 2014.
More than a third of musical works are by Slovene authors
Professional orchestras and choirs in Slovenia performed 2,123 works in 2014; 746 of them were by Slovene authors, which is just over 35%. In their headquarters they organised 120 concerts, which were attended by more than 83,600 people.
In addition to these concerts, in 2014 they organised 236 concerts on tours. Most of these concerts (208 or 88%) were held in Slovenia; 20 concerts were on tours in other EU Member States, 4 in other countries, and 4 were performed especially for Slovenes outside Slovenia (three of them in the neighbouring countries).
Infogram 1: Number of musical works performed, Slovenia
Almost a quarter of all events in houses of culture related to music
Houses of culture and cultural centres in Slovenia organised more than 12,000 performances (premiers and repeats) in 2014. About a quarter of all performances were related to music. Most of them (over 33%) were choir concerts, followed by instrumental, rock, music of the world and contemporary music genres; just over 7% of concerts were jazz concerts.
Houses of culture and other cultural centres prepared 70 musical festivals, i.e. almost 41% of all festivals in Slovenia; 280 shows were attended by almost 94,400 people.
Houses of culture also organised 447 educational seminars and workshops, which were attended by 61,600 people, most of them (over 90%) children and youth.
In radio broadcasts music predominates
In 2014, music represented almost 68% of total radio broadcasting hours in Slovenia. As regards the type of program, most of the program was light and popular music (88.2%); so-called serious music represented 2.5% (8,387 hours) of broadcast radio program.
As regards television program, music represented 14% of TV broadcasting hours in 2014, of which close to 94% was light and popular music.
The most frequent visitors of events
In the statistical Survey on Living Conditions, people in Slovenia were asked how frequently they attend performances (theatre plays, concerts, opera, ballet, dance shows, children’s performances, etc.) and if they don’t, why not. Most of them (29%) attended such performances up to three times in the last 12 months before the survey, 28% more than three times, 19% did not attend due to lack of interest, 2% did not attend due to unavailability, 10% due to financial reasons, and 12% had other reasons for not attending any event.
Performances were most often attended by persons aged 16–44; after that interest fades with age. As regards the status, most visitors are pupils, students, employed and self-employed persons.
At the end of 2015, 1,689 persons performing music-related occupations as main occupations and included in compulsory social insurance were registered in the Statistical Register of Employment:
- 705 persons were registered in the occupational group Other music teachers; 403 women and 302 men
- 984 persons were registered in the occupational group Musicians, singers and composers; 337 women and 647 men.
Results of the latest statistical surveys on professional orchestras and choirs show that 60% of persons are in employment (permanent or temporary), while others cooperate occasionally under contract or as students.