287,000 people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold in 2015
According to the 2015 Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), the at-risk-of-poverty rate in Slovenia was 14.3%. This means that in 2015 about 287,000 people in Slovenia were living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.
The annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a one-member household was set at EUR 7,399; the net disposable monthly income of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold was thus below EUR 617 per equivalised adult person. The threshold for a four-member family with two adults and two children younger than 14 was set at EUR 1,295 per month and the threshold for a two-member household without children at EUR 925 per month.
Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty rate decreased by 0.2 of a percentage point. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold increased by EUR 253 per year. The calculation is based on income earned in 2014, since 2014 was the income reference year for the 2015 survey. In 2014 the mean disposable household income increased, so did the median disposable household income and also the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. The value of the Gini coefficient decreased by 0.5 of a percentage point and the value of the quintile share ratio by 0.1 of a percentage point over the previous year. Therefore, we can infer that income was slightly more equally distributed among households.
Among the 287,000 persons below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, 78,000 were retired (15.9% of all retired persons), 55,000 of them women and 23,000 men, 65,000 were unemployed (44.8% of all unemployed persons), 54,000 were persons in employment (6.7% of all persons in employment), 34,000 of them employed and 20,000 self-employed, 54,000 were underage children (14.2% of all children) and 36,000 were other persons (19.5% of all persons unable to work, homemakers, students and other inactive persons).
Average annual household income higher
Average annual (net) disposable household income amounted to EUR 21,778 and was thus EUR 492 higher than in the previous year. Average annual disposable income per household member increased by EUR 227 (to EUR 8,746) and average equivalised disposable income per household member calculated with the OECD modified equivalence scale increased by EUR 368 (to EUR 13,211).
Average disposable income was higher in Zahodna Slovenija than in Vzhodna Slovenija. Average income per household member was the highest in Obalno-kraška (EUR 9,769) and Osrednjeslovenska statistical regions (EUR 9,627) and the lowest in Posavska (EUR 7,787) and Pomurska statistical regions (EUR 8,050).
Income from employment (58.8%) and pensions (22.7%) represented the largest share in total disposable household income, followed by family and social benefits (10.2%). The lowest shares in total disposable household income were represented by income from self-employment (5.7%) and other income (2.7%). Compared to the previous year, the share of income from employment and pensions in the total disposable household income increased slightly, the share of income from self-employment remained the same, while the share of family and social benefits and other income slightly decreased.
385,000 people at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion
The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate decreased compared to the previous year (by 1.2 percentage points). It was 19.2%, so about 385,000 people in Slovenia were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2015. Fewer persons than a year before were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion due to the decrease in all three social exclusion indicators: the at-risk-of-poverty rate by 0.2 p.p., the severe material deprivation rate by 0.8 p.p. and the very low work intensity rate by 1.3 p.p.
The highest at-risk-of-poverty rate in the Savinjska statistical region
The at-risk-of-poverty rate was the highest in Savinjska (16.8%), Posavska (16.1%), and Podravska (15.9%) statistical regions, and the lowest in Primorsko-notranjska (10.6%) and Osrednjeslovenska (11.8%) statistical regions. Most people at risk of poverty lived in Osrednjeslovenska (59,000), Podravska (50,000) and Savinjska (41,000) statistical regions and the fewest in Primorsko-notranjska (5,000) and Zasavska (8,000) statistical regions.
Interactive map 1: At-risk-of-poverty rate, statistical regions, Slovenia, 2015
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Source: SURS (STAGE)