290,000 people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold in 2014
According to the 2014 Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), the at-risk-of-poverty rate in Slovenia was 14.5%. This means that in 2014 14.5% or about 290,000 people in Slovenia were living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.
The annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a one-member household was set at EUR 7,146; the disposable net monthly income of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold was thus below EUR 596 per equivalised adult person. The threshold for a four-member family with two adults and two children younger than 14 was set at EUR 1,251 per month and the threshold for a two-member household without children at EUR 893 per month.
Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty rate remained the same. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold increased by EUR 35 per year. The calculation is based on income earned in 2013, since 2013 was the income reference year for the 2014 survey. In 2013 the mean disposable household income increased slightly, so did the median disposable household income and also the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.
In 2014, the value of the Gini coefficient increased by 0.6 of a percentage point and the value of the quintile share ratio increased by 0.1 of a percentage point over the previous year. Therefore, we can infer that in 2014 the inequality of the distribution of income among households continued to increase.
Among all persons who are below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, the highest (26%) share was that of retired persons (18% retired women and 8% retired men), followed by unemployed persons (24%), underage children (19%), and persons in employment (18%). The lowest share (13%) was that of other inactive persons (unable to work, homemakers, students). Compared to the previous year, the share of retired persons decreased the most (by 6 percentage points) and the share of unemployed persons increased the most (by 7 percentage points).
Average annual household income slightly higher
Average annual disposable (net) household income amounted to EUR 21,286 and was thus almost EUR 248 higher than in the previous year. Average annual disposable income per household member increased by EUR 106 (to EUR 8,519) and average income per equivalent adult household member calculated with the OECD modified equivalence scale increased by EUR 137 (to EUR 12,843).
Average disposable income was higher in cohesion region Zahodna Slovenija than in Vzhodna Slovenija. Households in Osrednjeslovenska and Obalno-kraška statistical regions had the highest and households in Pomurska and Spodnjeposavska statistical regions the lowest average income per household member and per equivalent member.
Income from employment (58.2%) and pensions (22.6%) represented the largest share in total disposable household income. Compared to the previous year, the share of income from employment and family and social benefits in the total disposable household income decreased slightly, while the share of income from self-employment, pensions and other income slightly increased.
410,000 of people at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion
The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate also remained the same as in the previous year. It was 20.4%, so 410,000 people in Slovenia were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2014. The at-risk-of-poverty rate remained the same, the severe material deprivation rate decreased by 0.1 of a percentage point, while the very low work intensity of the household increased by 0.7 of a percentage point. Despite the high increase in the number of persons living in households with very low work intensity, the social exclusion rate did not increase, since in most cases these persons had already been below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.
The highest at-risk-of-poverty rate in Spodnjeposavska statistical region
The at-risk-of-poverty rate was the highest in Spodnjeposavska (19.9%), Pomurska (17.5%), Jugovzhodna Slovenija (17.4%) and Podravska (17.3%) statistical regions, and the lowest in Notranjsko-kraška (11.3%) and Osrednjeslovenska (11.4%) statistical regions. Most people at risk of poverty lived in Osrednjeslovenska (59,000) and Podravska (52,000) statistical regions and the fewest in Notranjsko-kraška (6,000) and Zasavska (7,000) statistical regions.