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Income and poverty indicators, Slovenia, 2014

Unchanged at-risk-of-poverty rate in 2014 (14.5%); household income slightly higher

In 2014 the at-risk-of-poverty rate (14.5%) and the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (20.4%) remained the same as in the previous year. Both were higher in Vzhodna Slovenija than in Zahodna Slovenija. Average annual disposable household income was EUR 248 higher than in the previous year.

  • 9/10/2015
  • |
  • final data
290,000 people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold in 2014

According to the 2014 Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), the at-risk-of-poverty rate in Slovenia was 14.5%. This means that in 2014 14.5% or about 290,000 people in Slovenia were living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.

The annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a one-member household was set at EUR 7,146; the disposable net monthly income of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold was thus below EUR 596 per equivalised adult person. The threshold for a four-member family with two adults and two children younger than 14 was set at EUR 1,251 per month and the threshold for a two-member household without children at EUR 893 per month.

Compared to the previous year, the at-risk-of-poverty rate remained the same. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold increased by EUR 35 per year. The calculation is based on income earned in 2013, since 2013 was the income reference year for the 2014 survey. In 2013 the mean disposable household income increased slightly, so did the median disposable household income and also the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.

In 2014, the value of the Gini coefficient increased by 0.6 of a percentage point and the value of the quintile share ratio increased by 0.1 of a percentage point over the previous year. Therefore, we can infer that in 2014 the inequality of the distribution of income among households continued to increase.

Among all persons who are below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, the highest (26%) share was that of retired persons (18% retired women and 8% retired men), followed by unemployed persons (24%), underage children (19%), and persons in employment (18%). The lowest share (13%) was that of other inactive persons (unable to work, homemakers, students). Compared to the previous year, the share of retired persons decreased the most (by 6 percentage points) and the share of unemployed persons increased the most (by 7 percentage points).

Average annual household income slightly higher

Average annual disposable (net) household income amounted to EUR 21,286 and was thus almost EUR 248 higher than in the previous year. Average annual disposable income per household member increased by EUR 106 (to EUR 8,519) and average income per equivalent adult household member calculated with the OECD modified equivalence scale increased by EUR 137 (to EUR 12,843).

Average disposable income was higher in cohesion region Zahodna Slovenija than in Vzhodna Slovenija. Households in Osrednjeslovenska and Obalno-kraška statistical regions had the highest and households in Pomurska and Spodnjeposavska statistical regions the lowest average income per household member and per equivalent member.

Income from employment (58.2%) and pensions (22.6%) represented the largest share in total disposable household income. Compared to the previous year, the share of income from employment and family and social benefits in the total disposable household income decreased slightly, while the share of income from self-employment, pensions and other income slightly increased.

410,000 of people at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion

The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate also remained the same as in the previous year. It was 20.4%, so 410,000 people in Slovenia were at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in 2014. The at-risk-of-poverty rate remained the same, the severe material deprivation rate decreased by 0.1 of a percentage point, while the very low work intensity of the household increased by 0.7 of a percentage point. Despite the high increase in the number of persons living in households with very low work intensity, the social exclusion rate did not increase, since in most cases these persons had already been below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold.

The highest at-risk-of-poverty rate in Spodnjeposavska statistical region

The at-risk-of-poverty rate was the highest in Spodnjeposavska (19.9%), Pomurska (17.5%), Jugovzhodna Slovenija (17.4%) and Podravska (17.3%) statistical regions, and the lowest in Notranjsko-kraška (11.3%) and Osrednjeslovenska (11.4%) statistical regions. Most people at risk of poverty lived in Osrednjeslovenska (59,000) and Podravska (52,000) statistical regions and the fewest in Notranjsko-kraška (6,000) and Zasavska (7,000) statistical regions.

Map 1: At-risk-of-poverty rate, statistical regions, Slovenia, 2014
Map 1: At-risk-of-poverty rate, statistical regions, Slovenia, 2014
Source: SURS
Figure 1: People at risk of poverty or social exclusion, Slovenia, 2014
Figure 1: People at risk of poverty or social exclusion, Slovenia, 2014
Source: SURS
Chart 1: Structure of disposable household income, Slovenia
Chart 1: Structure of disposable household income, Slovenia
Source: SURS
Table 1: Basic income and poverty indicators, Slovenia
20132014
Mean annual disposable income per household (EUR)21,03821,286
Mean annual disposable income per household member (EUR)8,4138,519
Mean annual disposable income per equivalent adult household member (EUR)12,70612,843
Annual at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a one-member household (EUR)7,1117,146
At-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (% of persons)20.420.4
At-risk-of-poverty rate (% of persons)14.514.5
Severe material deprivation rate - for 4 out of 9 deprivation items (% of persons)6.76.6
Very low work intensity rate, age 0–59 (% of persons)88.7
At-risk-of-poverty rate before social transfers excluding pensions (% of persons)25.325.1
At-risk-of-poverty rate before social transfers including pensions (% of persons)42.342.5
Inequality of income distribution: S80/S20 quintile share ratio3.63.7
Inequality of income distribution: Gini coefficient (%)24.425.0
Source: SURS
Table 2: People with highest at-risk-of-poverty rate, Slovenia
20132014
% of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold
By work intensity of the household
  households without active members and with dependent children75.276.5
  households without active members and without dependent children29.130.5
  households with dependent children in which less than half of adult members are active45.544.0
By household type
  one-member households32.833.0
  single-parent households30.127.4
By most frequent activity status in the year before the interview (age 18+)
  self-employed27.925.2
  unemployed46.245.3
  other inactive persons (homemakers, students, unable to work…)16.821.2
By age and gender
  women aged 65 or more25.521.6
By tenure status
  tenants34.335.2
By educational attainment level (age 18+)
  persons with basic education or less30.628.2
Source: SURS
Table 3: People with lowest at-risk-of-poverty rate, Slovenia
20132014
% of people below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold
Households in which all adults are active 4.23.4
Households of at least three adults without dependent children 7.17.5
Employed persons (age 18+)4.64.1
Persons with tertiary education4.14.9
Source: SURS
METHODOLOGICAL NOTE
The source for calculating the at-risk-of-poverty rate and other indicators for 2014 are data from the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) 2014, which was implemented with the Survey on Living Conditions in 2014 (survey year) and the use of administrative and register data for 2013 (income reference year).
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