Youth learning mobility, Slovenia, 2nd quarter 2014
At least one type of learning mobility (formal or non-formal) was reported by 22% of people aged 18–34
Based on data from the pilot survey carried out in the 2nd quarter of 2014, 12% of tertiary graduates or students were mobile during their studies. At least one form of learning mobility (formal or non-formal) was reported by 22% of young people aged 18–34, around 20% among men and 23% among women.
Gaining knowledge abroad, also known as learning mobility, is becoming more and more widespread, since a growing number of young people are going abroad on study exchanges or practical learning during the course of their schooling. Besides this, young people take part in various non-formal learning activities abroad, such as courses, conferences, youth projects and volunteering.
In the 2nd quarter of 2014, the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia carried out a pilot survey, in the frame of a European project, on the learning mobility of young people. Young people aged 18–34 were asked whether they, in the frame of their formal education, spent at least two weeks learning abroad (comprises both short-term mobility in the form of study exchanges or practical learning abroad as well as following a complete educational programme abroad) and whether they had ever followed any kind of non-formal learning activity abroad (participating in at least a few days’ courses, conferences, youth projects, volunteering).
In the context of formal education, we were interested in the learning mobility of young people in initial vocational education and training (short-term vocational and vocational upper secondary education or upper secondary technical education) and other general learning mobility, such as mobility in the frame of lower secondary education, general upper secondary education and tertiary education (short-term higher education or higher education).
At least one type of learning mobility was reported by 22% of young people
Based on data gathered in the 2nd quarter of 2014, at least one type of learning mobility (formal or non-formal) was reported by 22% of young people in the age group 18–34, around 20% among men and around 23% among women.
12% of tertiary graduates or students were mobile during their studies
Among the respondents aged 18–34 with completed tertiary education or enrolled in studies to gain tertiary education, around 12% spent at least two weeks learning abroad in the frame of their tertiary studies. Here, as expected, the learning mobility is for the most part (86%) short-term, since around 10% of respondents reported that they were on a short-term study exchange or practical learning as part of their home studies (credit mobility) and nearly 2% of respondents followed an entire study programme enrolled abroad.
Mobility in initial vocational education and training is a rare phenomenon
Pilot survey data showed that the mobility in the frame of initial vocational education and training is a relatively rare phenomenon in Slovenia. Among the respondents with completed vocational education, around 2% spent at least two weeks learning abroad in the frame of their vocational education. However, the reader should be warned that this is a less precise sample estimate due to the rarity of the phenomenon.
Besides the above-mentioned results, the pilot survey showed that the so-called other formal learning mobility, which includes mainly the mobility in the frame of general upper secondary and lower secondary education, was experienced by approximately 4% of respondents aged 18–34.
18% of respondents mobile in non-formal education
As mentioned, one of the goals of the survey was to acquire information also on the extent of learning mobility outside formal education. The acquired data show that around 18% of respondents aged 18–34 have experienced non-formal learning mobility. The mentioned percentage is somewhat higher among women (19.3%) than among men (16.4%) and increases with the attained education of respondents (11.6% among those with completed upper secondary education and 35.7% among those with completed tertiary education).
Table 1: Share of young people aged 18–34 who graduated from or are studying at tertiary educational level and were mobile during their studies, Slovenia, 2nd quarter 2014
M less precise estimate – use with caution