Labour force survey results, 2nd quarter 2023

Unemployment rate below 4% for the third quarter in a row

Compared to the same period last year, in the second quarter of this year there were fewer unemployed and slightly more employed persons. 

  • 28 August 2023 at 10:30
  • |
  • final data
Fewer unemployed than in the same period last year

In the observed quarter, there were 37,000 unemployed and 996,000 employed persons. The unemployment rate was 3.6%, the employment rate 56.9%. Compared to the same period of the previous year, the number of unemployed went down by 14.4% and the number of employed up by 1%. The unemployment rate decreased by 0.6 of a percentage point and the employment rate (aged 15 and over) increased by 0.2 of a percentage point.

Detailed data by age groups, sex and cohesion regions can be found in the updated table in the SiStat Database.

Unemployment rate in the 2nd quarter at 3.6%

37,000 persons were unemployed. Compared to the previous quarter, this was a decline of 2%. Among the unemployed, there were 57% men and 43% women. Compared to the previous quarter, the number of unemployed men grew by 5%, while the number of unemployed women fell by 10%.

Since the 4th quarter of 2022, the unemployment rate has been hovering below 4% - in the observed quarter it was 3.6%. This was 0.2 of a percentage point less than in the previous quarter. The unemployment rate was 3.8% among men (up by 0.1 of a percentage point) and 3.4% among women (down by 0.5 of a percentage point). Compared to the 2nd quarters of the last ten years, it was the first time that the unemployment rate among women was lower than among men. Otherwise, it was already lower in the 3rd quarter of 2021.

Almost half of employed women and over a quarter of employed men have tertiary education

In the observed quarter, there were 996,000 employed persons. Of these, 54% were men and 46% were women. Compared to the previous quarter, the number of employed persons increased by 2%. The number of employed persons was higher among both men (by 2%) and women (by 3%). Also, the employment rate increased by 1.3 percentage points. It was higher for both men (by 1.2 percentage points) and women (by 1.4 percentage points).

Two-thirds (63.1%) of employed men had upper secondary education, 27.5% had tertiary education, and 9.4% had basic education or less. Among employed women, the share of those with completed tertiary education was higher – 47.0% of employed women have tertiary education –, while the shares of employed women with completed upper secondary education (44.9%) and basic education or less (8.1%) was lower.

More self-employed, fewer employees

84.6% of employed were employees, 12.8% were self-employed and 2.6% helped on the family farm or in the family business. Compared to the same quarter of 2022, the number of the self-employed increased by 5.7 %, while the number of employees decreased by 0.5 %.

Detailed data can be found in the updated table in the SiStat Database.
Population by activity (in 1,000), Slovenia
Q2 2022Q2 2023
Population in private households – total2,0581,0391,0182,0681,0451,023
Labour force1,0305584721,034561473
        in labour relation810425384812422391
        student work259M16M239M14
        other forms of work12M7M6M8M4M4M
     unpaid family workers198M11M2613M13M
Persons less than 15 years old317163154316163153
M - less reliable estimate – use with caution
Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
Additional explanations are available in the methodological explanations.

When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.