Experimental statistics: Digital platform employment, 2022

30,000 persons in digital platform employment

About the same number of men and women worked through digital platforms, the majority were aged 35–54, and most used the platforms to rent out accommodation or sell products.

  • 28 June 2023 at 10:30
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  • Experimental statistics
Majority was renting out accommodation or selling products through digital platforms

In 2022, about 30,000 Slovenian residents aged 15–64 had the experience of working via digital platforms in the last 12 months. Through online platforms or mobile applications, they offered their services, transportation of people, food or goods, sold their products and goods, or rented accommodation. The predominant two forms of digital platform employment were the sale of products and the renting out of various types of accommodation.

Young people represented over a quarter among digital platform workers

Among those who were in digital platform employment, men and women were equally represented. About 60% of them were between 35 and 54 years old, over a quarter of people who worked through digital platforms were young (15–34 years old), and a little more than a tenth were 55 years old or more.

Majority did less than 30 hours per month

Slightly more than half of all those who worked via digital platforms also did so in the month before the survey. Most of them worked less than 30 hours through digital platforms. For more than two-thirds of workers, the income from digital platform employment represented less than half of their total monthly income.

The vast majority of digital platform workers in 2022 were employed or self-employed (86%), while the rest defined themselves as students, unemployed or retired.

Digital platforms contributed to new forms of employment on the labour market

Work organised through a digital platform involves work arrangements among three parties:
- provider of a specific service or product (platform worker),
- client (an individual or a legal person),
- platform or application, which is a digital online service that facilitates interaction between two or more different (interdependent) groups of providers and clients.

Platforms that mediate the exchange of services and products may have varying degrees of control over workers. Some have a minor role and serve only as a website (or marketplace) for easier exchange of services, while others intervene both in the organization of work by determining the conditions of payments and the location or time of work, as well as have control over the realisation of work.

Platform workers flexible in determining their working hours

Among digital platform employed in the last month prior to the interview, 90% were able to set their own working hours for related tasks or able to schedule work independently within certain time frames. Three out of four were able to set prices of services and products themselves or in agreement with the platform or clients.

The data are the result of the pilot data collection of the module Digital platform employment, which was carried out as part of the Labour Force Survey in 2022. The questions on platform work were answered by all persons aged 15 to 64 who participated in the second survey wave. The collection took place throughout the year.

Those who rented out accommodation through platforms are considered "platform workers" if they also performed related tasks: cleaning accommodation, editing or preparing an advertisement, publishing an advertisement, arranging accommodation.
Those who sold products through platforms are considered "platform workers" if they made or acquired products for the purpose of selling. Selling your own used products (e.g. children's clothes) is not considered work through digital platforms.

General explanations about this survey are available in the methodological explanations.

The survey is co-funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or Eurostat. Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them.

When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.