Decisions of prosecutors and courts in criminal matters, 2022
Fewer adults charged and convicted, more juveniles charged but in fewer cases found guilty
Last year, 3.5% fewer adults were charged and 6.3% fewer convicted. In a fifth of the cases, they were convicted due to larceny. Juveniles were charged by the courts in 8.7% more cases, but had 18.5% fewer main penal sanctions, in two thirds as supervision by a social assistance institution.
In 2022, 23,819 adults were charged by the courts, which is 3.5% fewer than the year before. Most procedures (59%) were stopped. Complaints were most often (in 39% of cases) rejected because there was no reasonable suspicion of a crime, which is four percentage points fewer than the year before.
In two-thirds of the cases, the supervision by a social assistance institution was the main sanction for juveniles
An educational measure was imposed on 194 juveniles, which is almost a fifth fewer than the year before. Unlike the previous year, when no juvenile went to a juvenile detention, there were two such cases in 2022. Among the educational measures, the supervision by a social assistance institution dominated with 69%, which was eight percentage points more than the year before.
The most common sentence was imprisonment, which men received more often than women
In most cases, convicted adults were men. Out of 5,373 convicts, 85.6% were men and 14.4% were women. As in previous years, the prison sentence was given most often, but only 27% of them will serve their punishment in prison, while the remaining 73% were given a suspended prison sentence. Fines were imposed on 426 convicted persons, of whom 86.2% were men and 13.8% were women.
The most frequent crime is larceny
Most of the convictions were for crimes against property; among these, larceny (38.2%) and fraud (16.8%) were the most common as they accounted for more than half of all property crime convictions.
For the forgery of documents, which comprised 82.2% of all convictions among crimes against legal transactions, 578 adult offenders were convicted.
For crimes against public order and peace, adults were the most often (43%) convicted of illegal border crossing. There were 226 such perpetrators.
Compared to men, convicted women had the highest share in crimes against the administration of justice (30.6%, men 69.4%), and the lowest in crimes against sexual inviolability (4.2%, men 95.8%).
Although the number of complaints against legal persons has been declining since 2015, more of them are criminally liable
After the completion of the criminal proceedings at the courts, 85.0% of the 958 complaints filed against legal persons were rejected. Although the number of filed complaints against legal persons has been constantly decreasing since 2015, in 2022 29 legal persons were found criminally responsible, which is 20.8% more than in the previous year and 61.1% more than in 2020. In most cases (6) legal persons were convicted of violating the basic rights of employees, in five cases of business fraud and in three cases of forgery or destruction of documents.
Tables with the latest data are available in the SiStat Database.
Reasons for stopping procedures against adults , Slovenia
Juveniles who were imposed an educational measure or a sentence by type of main penal sanction by gender, Slovenia
Convicted adults by the main criminal sanction and sex, Slovenia