Crop production, 2022
Weather in 2022 unfavourable for most agricultural plants
The frequency of agricultural drought in Slovenia has been increasing in recent decades, and it affects the yields of all agricultural plants. Worse average yield of most crops and vegetables was recorded, while in orchard planations and in vineyards the harvest was average.
Wheat, the most important bread cereal in the country, was sown on a slightly larger area than in the previous year, but this didn’t result in a bigger total output, which was similar than in the previous year. Average yield was worse by 6% compared to the previous year and by the same percent better than the ten-year average. In total, 5.5 tonnes of wheat grain per hectare were harvested (together almost 150,000 tonnes).
Summer drought affected yields of most fodder cereals, which were also worse compared to the previous year. Maize for grain yielded the worst – 6.7 tonnes per hectare was by almost 30% worse than in the previous year and the second worst yield in the last ten years.
Production of wheat and barley, Slovenia
Early potatoes yielded best
Potatoes were cultivated on almost 2,900 hectares of Slovenian fields. Late potatoes accounted for 92% of total area, and yielded 20.4 tonnes per hectare, which is 15% less than in the previous year. Early potatoes yielded better – average yield of 18 tonnes per hectare is comparable to previous year's.
The year 2022 less favourable for most industrial plants
Area sown with pumpkins for oil decreased by almost 20% in 2022. Total output was almost 2,000 tonnes, which is by 20% less than in the previous year. Hops growers dealt slightly better with the summer drought. Average yield of hops (1.4 tonnes per hectare) was comparable with previous year’s, but still by 8% lower than the ten-year average.
Area sown with soya increased again, by almost a quarter to more than 2,300 hectares. On this area more than 5,300 tonnes of soya beans were produced.
Production of hops, Slovenia
Less green fodder from fields and hay from permanent grasslands and pastures yielded worse
On similar area as in the previous year almost quater less green maize was harvested – total output weighted around 942,500 tonnes. Average yield of 31.8 tonnes per hectare is almost by 30% worse compared to the ten-year average and the second worst in this period.
The summer dry period also affected the yield of clover and lucerne, which was 5 tonnes per hectare and thus a quarter smaller compared to the previous year and the smallest in the last ten years. Average yield of hay from permanent grasslands and pastures was 3.9 tonnes per hectare, which is by almost 30% less than in the previous year and by the same percent compared to the ten-year average.
Yield of green maize, Slovenia
Fruit harvest better than previous year’s
Apple plantations cover the biggest share of all orchard plantations in Slovenia – more than 2,000 hectares. Apples yielded well – with 24.1 tonnes per hectare the average yield is comparable to the ten-year average. Compared to worse harvest in 2021, fruit producers doubled total output of apples to almost 49,000 tonnes. The area of olive groves has been increasing since 2012. In 2022, it grew by 5%. On almost 1,600 hectares around 2,500 tonnes of olives were produced, which is 1.6 tonnes per hectare and comparable to the ten-year average. Peaches and nectarines in orchard plantations yielded worse - 8.5 tonnes per hectare is six times the very bad harvest in the previous year, but a third worse than the ten-year average.
Most of the fruit spices in extensive orchards yielded better than the ten-year average. From one apple tree, on average 41 kilograms of apples were gathered, which is a fourth more than the ten-year average.
The harvest in vineyards comparable to previous year’s
Area of vineyards has been decreasing since 2017. On almost 70% of all vineyards white wine varieties were produced. The average yield of 5.7 tonnes per hectare was more than 10% lower compared to the last ten-year average. Red wine varieties yielded better by more than 10% than in the previous year (5.6 tonnes per hectare), which was still by 10% less than the ten-year average.
Production of white and red wine varieties, Slovenia
The average yields of vegetables worse than previous year’s
In 2022, the total cultivation area of vegetables amounted almost 6,100 hectares, which is comparable to the previous year.. On more than half (on 52%) of this area vegetables for market were produced. The biggest area was sown by lettuce (early, summer, autumn), which yielded by almost a fifth worse than in the previous year – 12.9 tonnes per hectare.
The total output of vegetables was almost 90,700 tonnes, of which almost 59,500 tonnes was market production. The total output was by a fifth lighter than in the previous year.
Tables with the latest data are available in the SiStat Database.
Utilised agricultural area by crops, Slovenia
1) Some totals do not add up due to rounding.
2) Also common pastures are included. Area of common pastures is 8.167 hectares.