Living conditions of children, 2021

General health status of children good, less socializing and participating in leisure activities

In 2021, children’s general health was rated as very good for 10 percentage points more children than in 2017. Compared to 2014, the share of households in which all children socialised with their peers was 13 percentage points lower.

  • 22 September 2022 at 10:30
  • |
  • final data
Three quarters of children in very good general health

For almost three quarters of children (74%) aged 0–15, parents or guardians in 2021 estimated that their general health was very good; this is 10 percentage points more than in 2017, when we also collected these data (64% of children with a very good health status). On the other hand, for 24% of all children their general health was estimated as good and for 2% as fair.

There were no significant differences between boys and girls. The share of children with such a health assessment was slightly lower in the age group 11–15 years (boys: 68%; girls: 63%). 

The majority of children (98%) were not limited in their usual activities for a longer time (continuously for at least six months) because of a health problem. For 2% of children, the parents or guardians stated that they were limited or severely limited in their daily activities. The share of children with limitation was slightly higher (4%) among those aged 11–15.

Selected goods accessible to almost all children

Since 2014, when we last collected these data, accessibility of goods such as footwear, outdoor leisure equipment (e.g. bicycle, rollerblades, roller skates, skis, sleds), toys/games and books suitable for the child's age has not changed significantly by 2021. Children (0–15 years) had them available in 98% of households, or toys/games in 99% of households. 

2% of households could not buy at least some new clothes for all their children. There was a noticeable difference between households with incomes below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and those with incomes above the threshold. Among households living with incomes below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, 9% could not buy at least some new clothes for all their children, while among households with incomes above the threshold, there were only 2% of such households.

Children's socializing with friends and attending paid leisure activities affected by COVID-19

Compared to 2014, the biggest decline was recorded in the share of households where every child could invite friends round to play or eat from time to time; from 92% to 79%. Among those 21% that did not have this option, most cited COVID-19 and related measures as the main reason. The share of households where all children regularly attended paid leisure activities, e.g. youth organisations, music school, sports and other activities for which it is necessary to pay membership fees, contributions, etc., also declined compared to 2014 (2021: 59%; 2014: 68%). 4% of households could not afford such activities for all children due to financial reasons, and the rest due to other reasons, including reasons related to COVID-19. 

Socializing with peers and engaging in paid leisure activities was also affected by household income. In households with the lowest incomes, the share of those who occasionally invited friends round to play or eat was lower (73%) than in households with the highest incomes (81%). There were considerable differences also between households with incomes above the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and those with incomes below the threshold, but they got smaller in the past seven years.

Most children celebrate their birthday, name day or other special occasions

In 95% of households, all children celebrated birthdays, name days or other special occasions, which is 2 percentage points fewer than in 2014. In 2021, the majority of those who could not celebrate cited COVID-19 and related measures as the main reason, while financial reasons prevailed in 2014. The share of those who enabled their children to do so was slightly lower among households with the lowest incomes (92%). 

School-aged children had a suitable place to study or do homework

In 96% of households, children had a suitable place to study or do their homework. 1% of households could not provide such a place due to financial constraints, and in 3% of households other reasons were cited. 11% of children from households living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and 3% of children from households living above the threshold did not have a place to study or do their homework. Children from 91% of households at the time of school closures also had the possibility to attend distance learning courses in an appropriate way: via a computer or mobile device and good Internet connection.

Most children spent time with their parents several times a day

94% of children aged 0–17 spent time with their parents several times a day in the 12 months before the survey in 2021, e.g. during meals, when playing, helping with homework, going for walks, playing sports, talking. 5% of children socialized with their parents in this way once a day, and 1% several times a week. As expected, the share of time spent with parents was slightly lower for older children; 89% of children aged 16 and 17 spent time with their parents several times a day. Also, slightly lower share of children spent their time in this way several times a day among those who lived in the household with only one parent; namely 89% of children (0–17 years). 
Affordability of selected goods for all children in the household (aged 0–15)1), Slovenia, 2021
Total2) Yes No, due to
No, due to
No, due to
Participating in leisure activities that have to be paid for1005942611
Celebrations on special occasions (e.g. birthdays)10095013
Inviting friends to play and eat100790912
Holidays away from home at least one week per year10090343
Participation in school trips and events3)10088066
Suitable place to study or do homework3)10096130
Some new (not second-hand) clothes10095211
Two pairs of properly fitting shoes10098120
Fresh fruit and vegetables at least once a day10099000
A meal with meat, fish or vegetarian equivalent at least once a day10098110
At least one book suitable for the age10098120
Outdoor leisure equipment10098020
Indoor toys or games10099000
1) Only households with children aged 0 to 15 are taken into account. That a child has a certain good means that the good is available to all children in the household.
2) The total does not add up due to rounding.
3) Only households with school-age children are taken into account.
Data from the ad hoc module "Living conditions of children" were collected in the internationally comparable Living Conditions Survey (SILC), using a questionnaire in 2021. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, data were collected only via computer-assisted telephone interviewing (from February to the end of September).

Detailed data by various cross-sections will be published in the SiStat Database on 20 October 2022.

The surveys is co-financed by the European Commission. However, the European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the material published in this document.

When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.