Slovenia from 1991 Until Today

25 June, Statehood Day

On the Statehood Day, we looked at what statistics say about Slovenia. In recent years, the labour market situation has been good, inflation is higher, GDP is also rising as is public debt. The value of imports is higher than the value of exports. Almost half of the energy is imported. 

  • 20 June 2022 at 10:30
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Statehood Day is a Slovenian national holiday commemorating 25 June 1991, when Slovenia formally became independent. On that day, the Declaration of Independence of Slovenia and the Basic Constitutional Charter on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Slovenia were adopted. What do some statistical data say on the 31st anniversary of independent Slovenia? 

Population grew by nearly one Maribor 

At the beginning of 2022, the population of Slovenia was 2,107,180, which is just over 107,000 more than at the beginning of 1991, or almost as many as the population of municipality Maribor. In 2021, 91.8% of the residents of Slovenia had Slovenian citizenship. Among the residents, 6.5% had the citizenship of one of the countries that emerged after the break-up of Yugoslavia. Most of them had the citizenship of Bosnia and Herzegovina (almost 82,000 or 3.9% of Slovenia’s population). 
The educational level of the population has been improving. From 2011 on, the share of residents (aged 15 or more) with completed upper secondary school was stable, between 52.3% and 53.3%. There are major differences between the population with basic and tertiary education. The share of the former was 29.2% in 2011 and 22.2% in 2021. The opposite is true for residents with tertiary education: in 2011, the share was 17.5%, and in 2021 25.0%, thus exceeding the share of residents with basic education. 

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Favourable labour market situation

The labour market situation was favourable in 2021. The number of persons in employment (900,262) was the highest since 1991 and the unemployment rate (4.7%) was among the lowest since the Labour Force Survey started to be conducted. The job vacancy rate was 3.0% in the first quarter of 2022, the highest since 2008. It was the highest in construction (7.6%), followed by accommodation and food service activities (6.6%) and the lowest in electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (0.5%), followed by public administration, defence, compulsory social security (0.3%). 

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The labour market in Slovenia is changing. The share of foreigners in employment is growing: in 2010, 7% of all persons in employment and in 2021 12%. In all years, there have been significantly more men than women among foreigners in employment in Slovenia. In 2021, men represented 71% of foreigners in employment who came to Slovenia from the EU and 81% of foreigners in employment who came from other countries. Among foreigners in employment from the EU, 30% worked in manufacturing, and among foreigners in employment from other countries, 30% worked in construction. 

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With average monthly earnings, we can buy more goods

In 2021, average monthly earnings per person in paid employment amounted to EUR 1,970 gross and EUR 1,270 net. Comparing wages over time is difficult; when comparing prices and wages from 1991 to the present, it should be noted that during this period Slovenia switched from Yugoslav dinars to payment notes as a temporary currency, to Slovenian tolars and finally euros. The difference in the amount of average earnings is best illustrated by how much of a good we were able to buy with this money in 1991 and how much today. In 2021, compared to 1991, we could buy, for example, 1,068 kg more white sugar, 139 kg more bread or 19 more men's jeans. 

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GDP up

Gross domestic product per capita at current prices amounted to EUR 24,678 in 2021, which is almost five times as much as at the time of Slovenia's independence, when it was EUR 5,131. Since the first years after independence, GDP fell the most in real terms at the beginning of the great economic crisis in 2009 (−7.5%) and in 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic hit us (−4.2%). The highest growth was recorded in 2021 (8.1%) and 2007 (7.0%). 

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Imports higher than exports

According to provisional data, in 2021 imports to Slovenia were 6.3% higher than exports from Slovenia. Slovenia imported EUR 42.0 billion and exported EUR 39.5 billion of goods. Most goods were imported from Germany (14.9% of the total), followed by Italy (11.4%) and Switzerland (10.2%). As regards exports, these three countries were also Slovenia's most important trading partners: 17.3% of all goods were exported to Germany, 13.3% to Switzerland and 10.7% to Italy.
The most important import and export products were chemicals and related products (accounting for 29.0% of total imports and 27.7% of total exports), machinery and transport equipment (27.3% of imports and 32.6% of exports) and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (16.8% of imports and 18.1% of exports).

47% of energy is imported 

Recently, energy supply has become increasingly important. The total amount of domestic energy sources in Slovenia in 2021 was 3.3 million toe (= 140 PJ), which is 9% less than in the previous year. In 2021, Slovenia met 53% of its energy demand with domestic energy resources; the rest of the energy was imported. The entire quantity of petroleum products was imported. 
Total primary energy supply of Slovenia in 2021 was 6.4 million toe (=267 PJ), which is 0.2% more than in the previous year. As in previous years, in the structure of supplied energy, petroleum products prevailed with 31%, while natural gas represented the lowest share (12%). 
 

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When making use of the data and information of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, always add: "Source: SURS". More: Copyright.