Energy in Slovenia and the EU-27
Energy in Slovenia and the EU-27
Of total available energy in Slovenia, in 2020 the largest share was that of petroleum products (33.0%), followed by nuclear energy (23.2%). At that time, Slovenia covered 55.5% of its energy needs with domestic energy sources, while the rest was imported.
In 2020, almost 58,000 petajoules (PJ) of energy were available in EU-27 Member States, which is almost 380 times as much as in Slovenia. The largest share of the total energy (41.7%) was generated on the EU-27 territory, while 24.4% was imported from the Russian Federation. EU-27 Member States imported from the Russian Federation 36.5% of total available petroleum products, 41.1% of total available natural gas and 19.3% of total available coal.
The EU-27 Member State most energy dependent on the Russian Federation is Lithuania
In 2020, the share of available energy imported form the Russian Federation was the highest in Lithuania (96.1%), followed by Slovakia (57.3%) and Hungary (54.2%). The shares were the lowest in Cyprus (1.7%), Ireland (3.2%) and Luxembourg (4.3%). Slovenia imported 17.6% of its total available energy from the Russian Federation, which was below the EU-27 average of 24.4%.
More than half of energy needs covered by domestic sources
The total amount of domestic energy sources in 2020 was 3.7 million toe (=154 PJ), which was 4% more than a year earlier. Slovenia does not have enough energy sources to cover all its energy needs. Since 2000, energy dependence has been between 53.1% in 2008 and 43.6% in 2014. Domestic energy sources covered 55.5% of energy needs in 2020. The rest was covered by imports.
Among available energy in the EU-27 in 2020, the largest share (34.5%) was that of petroleum products, followed by natural gas (23.7%). In Slovenia, too, the largest share was that of petroleum products (33.0%), followed by nuclear energy (23.2%). Slovenia exported more electricity than it imported.
Almost all petroleum products consumed in Slovenia are imported
In 2020, EU-27 Member States imported 97.0% of all petroleum products, followed by natural gas (83.6% of which was imported). Slovenia imported 99.5% of petroleum products and 99.4% of natural gas consumed in the country.
81% of natural gas in Slovenia is from the Russian Federation
In 2020, EU-27 Member States imported from the Russian Federation 24.4% of gross available energy, e.g. 41.1% of gross available natural gas and 36.5% of gross available petroleum products. Slovenia imported from the Russian Federation 17.6% of gross available energy (at least indirectly, since is it estimated that 80% of our imports from Austria are actually from the Russian Federation). Slovenia imported from the Russian Federation 81.0% of total available natural gas and 24.9% of total available petroleum products.
The largest share of electricity from the nuclear power plant
In 2020, 23,410 GWh of electricity was available in Slovenia, of which 30.4% was imported. The largest share of it (25.8%) was generated by the Krško Nuclear Power Plant. The share of electricity generated by solar and wind plants was less than 2%.
Of the 23,410 GWh available, Slovenia exported 39.0%. Manufacturing and construction consumed 25.5% of electricity and households 15.5%.
The price of diesel higher than the price of motor gasoline 95
Since the data have been available, i.e. from 2012 on, the price of electricity for household consumers was the lowest in the second quarter of 2020 (0.134 EUR/kWh) and the highest in the third quarter of 2021 (0.174 EUR/kWh). The price of natural gas for household consumers was the lowest in the fourth quarter of 2017 (0.052 EUR/kWh) and the highest in the third quarter of 2021 (0.107 EUR/kWh).
The price of diesel exceeded the price of motor gasoline 95 for the first time at the end of 2018. Compared to motor gasoline 95, diesel was more expensive in all quarters of 2021, in the last quarter by 6.9%.